:: Hierarchies and Classifications of Sets :: by Mariusz Giero :: :: Received December 28, 2001 :: Copyright (c) 2001-2018 Association of Mizar Users :: (Stowarzyszenie Uzytkownikow Mizara, Bialystok, Poland). :: This code can be distributed under the GNU General Public Licence :: version 3.0 or later, or the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike :: License version 3.0 or later, subject to the binding interpretation :: detailed in file COPYING.interpretation. :: See COPYING.GPL and COPYING.CC-BY-SA for the full text of these :: licenses, or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html and :: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/. environ vocabularies ORDERS_2, XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, ORDERS_1, XXREAL_0, YELLOW_1, RELAT_2, WELLORD2, RELAT_1, TARSKI, TREES_1, EQREL_1, TAXONOM1, SETFAM_1, ZFMISC_1, ABIAN, PRE_TOPC, LATTICES, ORDINAL1, PARTIT1, TAXONOM2; notations TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, ZFMISC_1, SUBSET_1, SETFAM_1, RELAT_1, ORDINAL1, RELSET_1, STRUCT_0, ORDERS_2, EQREL_1, ABIAN, PARTIT1, ORDERS_1, YELLOW_1, TAXONOM1; constructors ABIAN, YELLOW_1, TAXONOM1, RELSET_1; registrations XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, RELSET_1, EQREL_1, YELLOW_1; requirements BOOLE, SUBSET; begin reserve A for RelStr; reserve X for non empty set; reserve PX,PY,PZ,Y,a,b,c,x,y for set; reserve S1,S2 for Subset of Y; definition let A; attr A is with_superior means :: TAXONOM2:def 1 ex x be Element of A st x is_superior_of the InternalRel of A; end; definition let A; attr A is with_comparable_down means :: TAXONOM2:def 2 for x,y be Element of A holds ( ex z be Element of A st z <= x & z <= y) implies (x <= y or y <= x); end; theorem :: TAXONOM2:1 for a being set holds InclPoset {{a}} is non empty reflexive transitive antisymmetric with_superior with_comparable_down; registration cluster non empty reflexive transitive antisymmetric with_superior with_comparable_down strict for RelStr; end; definition mode Tree is with_superior with_comparable_down Poset; end; theorem :: TAXONOM2:2 for EqR being Equivalence_Relation of X, x,y,z be set holds z in Class(EqR,x) & z in Class(EqR,y) implies Class(EqR,x) = Class(EqR,y); ::\$CT theorem :: TAXONOM2:4 for C,x be set st C is Classification of X & x in union C holds x c= X; theorem :: TAXONOM2:5 for C being set st C is Strong_Classification of X holds InclPoset union C is Tree; begin definition let Y; attr Y is hierarchic means :: TAXONOM2:def 3 for x,y be set st x in Y & y in Y holds (x c= y or y c= x or x misses y); end; registration cluster trivial -> hierarchic for set; end; registration cluster non trivial hierarchic for set; end; theorem :: TAXONOM2:6 {} is hierarchic; theorem :: TAXONOM2:7 {{}} is hierarchic; definition let Y; mode Hierarchy of Y -> Subset-Family of Y means :: TAXONOM2:def 4 it is hierarchic; end; definition let Y; attr Y is mutually-disjoint means :: TAXONOM2:def 5 for x,y be set st x in Y & y in Y & x <> y holds x misses y; end; registration let Y; cluster mutually-disjoint for Subset-Family of Y; end; theorem :: TAXONOM2:8 {} is mutually-disjoint; theorem :: TAXONOM2:9 {{}} is mutually-disjoint; theorem :: TAXONOM2:10 {a} is mutually-disjoint; definition let Y; let F be Subset-Family of Y; attr F is T_3 means :: TAXONOM2:def 6 for A be Subset of Y st A in F for x be Element of Y st not x in A ex B be Subset of Y st x in B & B in F & A misses B; end; theorem :: TAXONOM2:11 for F be Subset-Family of Y st F = {} holds F is T_3; registration let Y; cluster covering T_3 for Hierarchy of Y; end; definition let Y; let F be Subset-Family of Y; attr F is lower-bounded means :: TAXONOM2:def 7 for B being set st B <> {} & B c= F & B is c=-linear ex c st c in F & c c= meet B; end; theorem :: TAXONOM2:12 for B being mutually-disjoint Subset-Family of Y st for b be set st b in B holds S1 misses b & Y <> {} holds B \/ {S1} is mutually-disjoint Subset-Family of Y & (S1 <> {} implies union (B \/ {S1}) <> union B); definition let Y; let F be Subset-Family of Y; attr F is with_max's means :: TAXONOM2:def 8 for S being Subset of Y st S in F ex T being Subset of Y st S c= T & T in F & for V being Subset of Y st T c= V & V in F holds V = Y; end; begin theorem :: TAXONOM2:13 for H being covering Hierarchy of Y st H is with_max's ex P being a_partition of Y st P c= H; theorem :: TAXONOM2:14 for H being covering Hierarchy of Y for B being mutually-disjoint Subset-Family of Y st B c= H & for C being mutually-disjoint Subset-Family of Y st C c= H & union B c= union C holds B = C holds B is a_partition of Y; theorem :: TAXONOM2:15 for H being covering T_3 Hierarchy of Y st H is lower-bounded & not {} in H for A being Subset of Y for B being mutually-disjoint Subset-Family of Y st A in B & B c= H & for C being mutually-disjoint Subset-Family of Y st A in C & C c= H & union B c= union C holds union B = union C holds B is a_partition of Y; theorem :: TAXONOM2:16 for H being covering T_3 Hierarchy of Y st H is lower-bounded & not {} in H for A being Subset of Y for B being mutually-disjoint Subset-Family of Y st A in B & B c= H & for C being mutually-disjoint Subset-Family of Y st A in C & C c= H & B c= C holds B = C holds B is a_partition of Y; theorem :: TAXONOM2:17 for H being covering T_3 Hierarchy of Y st H is lower-bounded & not {} in H for A being Subset of Y st A in H ex P being a_partition of Y st A in P & P c= H; theorem :: TAXONOM2:18 for h being non empty set for Pmin being a_partition of X for hw being set st hw in Pmin & h c= hw for PS being a_partition of X st h in PS & for x st x in PS holds (x c= hw or hw c= x or hw misses x) for PT be set st ( for a holds a in PT iff a in PS & a c= hw) holds PT \/ (Pmin \ {hw}) is a_partition of X & PT \/ (Pmin \ {hw}) is_finer_than Pmin; theorem :: TAXONOM2:19 for h being non empty set st h c= X for Pmax being a_partition of X st ( (ex hy be set st hy in Pmax & hy c= h) & for x st x in Pmax holds (x c= h or h c= x or h misses x)) for Pb be set st (for x holds x in Pb iff (x in Pmax & x misses h)) holds Pb \/ {h} is a_partition of X & Pmax is_finer_than ( Pb \/ {h})& for Pmin being a_partition of X st Pmax is_finer_than Pmin for hw being set st hw in Pmin & h c= hw holds (Pb \/ {h}) is_finer_than Pmin; theorem :: TAXONOM2:20 for H being covering T_3 Hierarchy of X st H is lower-bounded & not {} in H & (for C1 be set st (C1 <> {} & C1 c= PARTITIONS(X) & (for P1,P2 be set st P1 in C1 & P2 in C1 holds P1 is_finer_than P2 or P2 is_finer_than P1)) holds ( ex PX,PY st (PX in C1 & PY in C1 & for PZ st PZ in C1 holds PZ is_finer_than PY & PX is_finer_than PZ))) ex C being Classification of X st union C = H;