:: Filters - Part I. Implicative Lattices
:: by Grzegorz Bancerek
::
:: Received July 3, 1990
:: Copyright (c) 1990-2019 Association of Mizar Users
:: (Stowarzyszenie Uzytkownikow Mizara, Bialystok, Poland).
:: This code can be distributed under the GNU General Public Licence
:: version 3.0 or later, or the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
:: License version 3.0 or later, subject to the binding interpretation
:: detailed in file COPYING.interpretation.
:: See COPYING.GPL and COPYING.CC-BY-SA for the full text of these
:: licenses, or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html and
:: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.
environ
vocabularies LATTICES, SUBSET_1, XBOOLE_0, PBOOLE, EQREL_1, CARD_FIL,
STRUCT_0, TARSKI, ORDINAL1, ZFMISC_1, SETFAM_1, INT_2, XBOOLEAN, BINOP_1,
REALSET1, FUNCT_1, RELAT_1, MCART_1, XXREAL_2, RELAT_2, FILTER_0;
notations TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, ZFMISC_1, SUBSET_1, SETFAM_1, FUNCT_1, XTUPLE_0,
MCART_1, ORDINAL1, RELAT_2, FUNCT_2, BINOP_1, REALSET1, STRUCT_0,
LATTICES, DOMAIN_1, RELAT_1, RELSET_1, EQREL_1;
constructors SETFAM_1, RELAT_2, ORDINAL1, PARTFUN1, BINOP_1, REALSET1,
LATTICES, RELSET_1, XTUPLE_0;
registrations XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, RELSET_1, STRUCT_0, LATTICES;
requirements SUBSET, BOOLE;
definitions TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, LATTICES, RELAT_1, RELAT_2;
equalities LATTICES, BINOP_1, REALSET1, STRUCT_0;
expansions TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, LATTICES;
theorems TARSKI, ZFMISC_1, SETFAM_1, FUNCT_1, MCART_1, FUNCT_2, LATTICES,
RELAT_1, ORDERS_1, RLSUB_2, WELLSET1, RELSET_1, ORDINAL1, XBOOLE_0,
XBOOLE_1, PARTFUN1, RELAT_2, SUBSET_1;
schemes RELAT_1, XFAMILY;
begin
reserve L for Lattice,
p,p1,q,q1,r,r1 for Element of L;
reserve x,y,z,X,Y,Z,X1,X2 for set;
theorem Th1:
for L being join-associative join-commutative meet-commutative
join-absorbing meet-absorbing non empty LattStr, p, q, r being Element of L
st p [= q holds r "\/" p [= r "\/" q
proof
let L be join-associative join-commutative meet-commutative join-absorbing
meet-absorbing non empty LattStr, p, q, r be Element of L;
assume
A1: p "\/" q = q;
thus (r "\/" p) "\/" (r "\/" q) = r "\/" (r "\/" p) "\/" q by LATTICES:def 5
.= r "\/" r "\/" p "\/" q by LATTICES:def 5
.= r "\/" p "\/" q
.= r "\/" q by A1,LATTICES:def 5;
end;
theorem
p [= r implies p "/\" q [= r
proof
assume p [= r;
then
A1: p"/\"q [= r"/\"q by LATTICES:9;
r"/\"q [= r by LATTICES:6;
hence thesis by A1,LATTICES:7;
end;
theorem
p [= r implies p [= q"\/"r
proof
assume p [= r;
then
A1: p"\/"q [= r"\/"q by Th1;
p [= p"\/"q by LATTICES:5;
hence thesis by A1,LATTICES:7;
end;
theorem Th4:
for L being join-absorbing join-commutative join-associative non
empty LattStr, a, b, c, d being Element of L st a [= b & c [= d holds a "\/" c
[= b "\/" d
proof
let L be join-absorbing join-commutative join-associative non empty LattStr
, a, b, c, d be Element of L;
assume a [= b;
then
A1: b = a "\/" b;
assume c [= d;
then b "\/" d = (a "\/" b) "\/" (c "\/" d) by A1
.= ((b "\/" a) "\/" c) "\/" d by LATTICES:def 5
.= (b "\/" (a "\/" c)) "\/" d by LATTICES:def 5
.= (a "\/" c) "\/" (b "\/" d) by LATTICES:def 5;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem Th5:
for L being meet-absorbing meet-commutative join-absorbing
meet-associative non empty LattStr, a, b, c, d being Element of L st a [= b &
c [= d holds a "/\" c [= b "/\" d
proof
let L be meet-absorbing meet-commutative meet-associative join-absorbing
non empty LattStr, a, b, c, d be Element of L;
assume a [= b;
then
A1: a "/\" b = a by LATTICES:4;
assume c [= d;
then a "/\" c = (a "/\" b) "/\" (c "/\" d) by A1,LATTICES:4
.= ((a "/\" b) "/\" c) "/\" d by LATTICES:def 7
.= (b "/\" (a "/\" c)) "/\" d by LATTICES:def 7
.= (a "/\" c) "/\" (b "/\" d) by LATTICES:def 7;
hence thesis by LATTICES:4;
end;
theorem Th6:
for L being join-absorbing join-commutative join-associative
meet-absorbing meet-commutative non empty LattStr, a, b, c being Element of L
st a [= c & b [= c holds a "\/" b [= c
proof
let L be join-absorbing join-commutative join-associative meet-absorbing
meet-commutative non empty LattStr, a, b, c be Element of L;
c"\/"c = c;
hence thesis by Th4;
end;
theorem Th7:
for L being meet-absorbing meet-commutative join-absorbing
meet-associative non empty LattStr, a, b, c being Element of L st a [= b & a
[= c holds a [= b "/\" c
proof
let L be meet-absorbing meet-commutative join-absorbing meet-associative
non empty LattStr, a, b, c be Element of L;
a "/\" a = a;
hence thesis by Th5;
end;
definition
let L;
mode Filter of L is non empty meet-closed final Subset of L;
end;
theorem Th8:
for S being non empty Subset of L holds S is Filter of L iff
for p,q being Element of L holds p in S & q in S iff p "/\" q in S
proof let S be non empty Subset of L;
thus S is Filter of L implies
for p,q being Element of L holds p in S & q in S iff p "/\" q in S
by LATTICES:6,def 23,def 24;
assume
A1: for p,q being Element of L holds p in S & q in S iff p "/\" q in S;
S is final proof let p,q be Element of L such that
A2: p [= q and
A3: p in S;
p "/\" q = p by A2,LATTICES:4;
hence q in S by A1,A3;
end;
hence thesis by A1,LATTICES:def 24;
end;
theorem Th9:
for D being non empty Subset of L holds D is Filter of L iff (for
p,q st p in D & q in D holds p "/\" q in D) & for p,q st p in D & p [= q holds
q in D
proof
let D be non empty Subset of L;
thus D is Filter of L implies (for p,q st p in D & q in D holds p "/\" q in
D) & for p,q st p in D & p [= q holds q in D by LATTICES:def 23,def 24;
assume
A1: ( for p,q st p in D & q in D holds p "/\" q in D)& for p,q st p in D
& p [= q holds q in D;
then for p,q st p [= q & p in D holds q in D;
hence thesis by A1,LATTICES:def 23,def 24;
end;
reserve H,F for Filter of L;
theorem Th10:
p in H implies p"\/"q in H & q"\/"p in H
proof
p [= p"\/"q by LATTICES:5;
hence thesis by Th9;
end;
theorem Th11:
L is 1_Lattice implies Top L in H
proof
assume L is 1_Lattice;
then reconsider L as 1_Lattice;
consider p being Element of L such that
A1: p in H by SUBSET_1:4;
p [= Top L by LATTICES:19;
hence thesis by A1,Th9;
end;
theorem
L is 1_Lattice implies {Top L} is Filter of L
proof
assume L is 1_Lattice;
then reconsider K = L as 1_Lattice;
now
let p,q be Element of K;
A1: p in {Top K} iff p = Top K by TARSKI:def 1;
hence p in {Top K} & q in {Top K} implies p"/\"q in {Top K};
assume p"/\"q in {Top K};
then
A2: p"/\"q = Top K by TARSKI:def 1;
p"/\"q [= p & q"/\" p [= q by LATTICES:6;
hence p in {Top K} & q in {Top K} by A1,A2;
end;
hence thesis by Th8;
end;
theorem
{p} is Filter of L implies L is upper-bounded
proof
assume {p} is Filter of L;
then reconsider F = {p} as Filter of L;
take p;
let q;
p in F by TARSKI:def 1;
then p"\/"q in F by Th10;
hence thesis by TARSKI:def 1;
end;
theorem Th14:
the carrier of L is Filter of L
proof
the carrier of L =[#]L;
hence thesis;
end;
definition
let L;
func <.L.) -> Filter of L equals
the carrier of L;
coherence by Th14;
end;
definition
let L,p;
func <.p.) -> Filter of L equals
{ q : p [= q };
coherence
proof
set D = { q : p [= q };
p in D;
then reconsider F = D as non empty set;
F c= the carrier of L
proof
let x be object;
assume x in F;
then ex q st x = q & p [= q;
hence thesis;
end;
then reconsider F as non empty Subset of L;
A1: now
let r,q;
assume r in F;
then ex r1 st r = r1 & p [= r1;
then
A2: p "/\" p [= r "/\" p by LATTICES:9;
assume q in F;
then ex q1 st q = q1 & p [= q1;
then
A3: p "/\" r [= q "/\" r by LATTICES:9;
p [= r "/\" q by A3,A2,LATTICES:7;
hence r "/\" q in F;
end;
now
let r,q;
assume r in F;
then
A4: ex r1 st r = r1 & p [= r1;
assume r [= q;
then p [= q by A4,LATTICES:7;
hence q in F;
end;
hence thesis by A1,Th9;
end;
end;
theorem Th15:
q in <.p.) iff p [= q
proof
q in <.p.) iff ex r st q = r & p [= r;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem Th16:
p in <.p.) & p "\/" q in <.p.) & q "\/" p in <.p.)
proof
p [= p "\/" q by LATTICES:5;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem Th17:
L is 0_Lattice implies <.L.) = <.Bottom L.)
proof
assume L is 0_Lattice;
then reconsider L9 = L as 0_Lattice;
thus <.L.) c= <.Bottom L.)
proof
let x be object;
assume x in <.L.);
then reconsider x as Element of L9;
Bottom L in <.Bottom L.) & x "/\" Bottom L9 = Bottom L9;
hence thesis by Th8;
end;
thus thesis;
end;
definition
let L,F;
attr F is being_ultrafilter means
F <> the carrier of L & for H st F c= H & H <> the carrier of L holds F = H;
end;
theorem Th18:
L is lower-bounded implies for F st F <> the carrier of L ex H
st F c= H & H is being_ultrafilter
proof
given r such that
A1: for p holds r "/\" p = r & p "/\" r = r;
A2: r in H implies H = the carrier of L
proof
assume
A3: r in H;
thus H c= the carrier of L;
let x be object;
assume x in the carrier of L;
then reconsider p = x as Element of L;
r "/\" p = r by A1;
then r [= p by LATTICES:4;
hence thesis by A3,Th9;
end;
let F such that
A4: F <> the carrier of L;
set X = { A where A is Subset of L : F c= A & A is Filter of L & A <> the
carrier of L };
A5: x in X implies x is Subset of L & x is Filter of L
proof
assume x in X;
then
ex A being Subset of L st x = A & F c= A & A is Filter of L & A <> the
carrier of L;
hence thesis;
end;
A6: X1 in X implies F,X1 are_c=-comparable & X1 <> the carrier of L
proof
assume X1 in X;
then ex A being Subset of L st X1 = A & F c= A & A is Filter of L & A <>
the carrier of L;
hence thesis;
end;
A7: for Z st Z c= X & Z is c=-linear ex Y st Y in X & for X1 st X1 in Z
holds X1 c= Y
proof
set x = the Element of F;
let Z such that
A8: Z c= X and
A9: Z is c=-linear;
take Y = union (Z \/ {F});
F in {F} by TARSKI:def 1;
then
A10: F in Z \/ {F} by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
x in F;
then reconsider V = Y as non empty set by A10,TARSKI:def 4;
V c= the carrier of L
proof
let x be object;
assume x in V;
then consider X1 such that
A11: x in X1 and
A12: X1 in Z \/ {F} by TARSKI:def 4;
X1 in Z or X1 in {F} by A12,XBOOLE_0:def 3;
then X1 is Subset of L by A5,A8;
hence thesis by A11;
end;
then reconsider V as non empty Subset of L;
now
let p,q;
thus p in V & q in V implies p "/\" q in V
proof
assume p in V;
then consider X1 such that
A13: p in X1 and
A14: X1 in Z \/ {F} by TARSKI:def 4;
A15: X1 in Z or X1 in {F} by A14,XBOOLE_0:def 3;
then
A16: X1 in X & X1 in Z or X1 = F by A8,TARSKI:def 1;
assume q in V;
then consider X2 such that
A17: q in X2 and
A18: X2 in Z \/ {F} by TARSKI:def 4;
A19: X2 in Z or X2 in {F} by A18,XBOOLE_0:def 3;
then X2 in X & X2 in Z or X2 = F by A8,TARSKI:def 1;
then X1,X2 are_c=-comparable by A6,A9,A16,ORDINAL1:def 8;
then
A20: X1 c= X2 or X2 c= X1;
A21: X1 is Filter of L by A5,A8,A15,TARSKI:def 1;
X2 is Filter of L by A5,A8,A19,TARSKI:def 1;
then p "/\" q in X1 or p "/\" q in X2 by A13,A17,A20,A21,Th9;
hence thesis by A14,A18,TARSKI:def 4;
end;
assume p "/\" q in V;
then consider X1 such that
A22: p "/\" q in X1 and
A23: X1 in Z \/ {F} by TARSKI:def 4;
X1 in Z or X1 in {F} by A23,XBOOLE_0:def 3;
then X1 is Filter of L by A5,A8,TARSKI:def 1;
then p in X1 & q in X1 by A22,Th8;
hence p in V & q in V by A23,TARSKI:def 4;
end;
then reconsider V as Filter of L by Th8;
now
assume r in V;
then consider X1 such that
A24: r in X1 and
A25: X1 in Z \/ {F} by TARSKI:def 4;
X1 in Z or X1 in {F} by A25,XBOOLE_0:def 3;
then X1 in X or X1 = F by A8,TARSKI:def 1;
then
ex A being Subset of L st X1 = A & F c= A & A is Filter of L & A <>
the carrier of L by A4;
hence contradiction by A2,A24;
end;
then
A26: V <> the carrier of L;
F c= V
by A10,TARSKI:def 4;
hence Y in X by A26;
let X1;
assume X1 in Z;
then X1 in Z \/ {F} by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
hence thesis by ZFMISC_1:74;
end;
F in X by A4;
then consider Y such that
A27: Y in X and
A28: for Z st Z in X & Z <> Y holds not Y c= Z by A7,ORDERS_1:65;
consider H being Subset of L such that
A29: Y = H and
A30: F c= H and
A31: H is Filter of L and
A32: H <> the carrier of L by A27;
reconsider H as Filter of L by A31;
take H;
thus F c= H & H <> the carrier of L by A30,A32;
let G be Filter of L;
assume that
A33: H c= G and
A34: G <> the carrier of L;
F c= G by A30,A33;
then G in X by A34;
hence thesis by A28,A29,A33;
end;
theorem Th19:
(ex r st p "/\" r <> p) implies <.p.) <> the carrier of L
proof
given r such that
A1: p "/\" r <> p;
p "/\" r [= p by LATTICES:6;
then not p [= p "/\" r by A1,LATTICES:8;
hence thesis by Th15;
end;
theorem Th20:
L is 0_Lattice & p <> Bottom L implies ex H st p in H & H is
being_ultrafilter
proof
assume that
A1: L is 0_Lattice and
A2: p <> Bottom L;
reconsider L9 = L as 0_Lattice by A1;
reconsider p9 = p as Element of L9;
p9 "/\" Bottom L9 = Bottom L9;
then consider H such that
A3: <.p.) c= H & H is being_ultrafilter by A2,Th18,Th19;
take H;
p in <.p.);
hence thesis by A3;
end;
reserve D for non empty Subset of L;
definition
let L,D;
func <.D.) -> Filter of L means
: Def4:
D c= it & for F st D c= F holds it c= F;
existence
proof
set x = the Element of D;
defpred P[set] means $1 is Filter of L & D c= $1;
consider X such that
A1: Z in X iff Z in bool the carrier of L & P[Z] from XFAMILY:sch 1;
reconsider x as Element of L;
<.L.) = the carrier of L;
then
A2: X <> {} by A1;
now
let Z;
assume Z in X;
then D c= Z by A1;
hence x in Z;
end;
then reconsider F = meet X as non empty set by A2,SETFAM_1:def 1;
A3: <.L.) in X by A1;
F c= the carrier of L
by A3,SETFAM_1:def 1;
then reconsider F as non empty Subset of L;
now
let p,q;
thus p in F & q in F implies p "/\" q in F
proof
assume
A4: p in F & q in F;
for Z st Z in X holds p "/\" q in Z
proof
let Z;
assume
A5: Z in X;
then reconsider Z9 = Z as Filter of L by A1;
p in Z9 & q in Z9 by A4,A5,SETFAM_1:def 1;
hence thesis by Th8;
end;
hence thesis by A2,SETFAM_1:def 1;
end;
assume
A6: p "/\" q in F;
now
let Z;
assume
A7: Z in X;
then reconsider Z9 = Z as Filter of L by A1;
p "/\" q in Z9 by A6,A7,SETFAM_1:def 1;
hence p in Z by Th8;
end;
hence p in F by A2,SETFAM_1:def 1;
now
let Z;
assume
A8: Z in X;
then reconsider Z9 = Z as Filter of L by A1;
p "/\" q in Z9 by A6,A8,SETFAM_1:def 1;
hence q in Z by Th8;
end;
hence q in F by A2,SETFAM_1:def 1;
end;
then reconsider F as Filter of L by Th8;
take F;
for Z st Z in X holds D c= Z by A1;
hence D c= F by A2,SETFAM_1:5;
let H;
assume D c= H;
then H in X by A1;
hence thesis by SETFAM_1:3;
end;
uniqueness;
end;
theorem Th21:
<.F.) = F
by Def4;
reserve D1,D2 for non empty Subset of L;
theorem Th22:
D1 c= D2 implies <.D1.) c= <.D2.)
proof
assume
A1: D1 c= D2;
D2 c= <.D2.) by Def4;
then D1 c= <.D2.) by A1;
hence thesis by Def4;
end;
theorem Th23:
p in D implies <.p.) c= <.D.)
proof
assume
A1: p in D;
let x be object;
A2: D c= <.D.) by Def4;
assume x in <.p.);
then ex q st x = q & p [= q;
hence thesis by A1,A2,Th9;
end;
theorem Th24:
D = {p} implies <.D.) = <.p.)
proof
assume
A1: D = {p};
D c= <.p.)
proof
let x be object;
assume x in D;
then x = p by A1,TARSKI:def 1;
hence thesis;
end;
hence <.D.) c= <.p.) by Def4;
p in D by A1,TARSKI:def 1;
hence thesis by Th23;
end;
theorem Th25:
L is 0_Lattice & Bottom L in D implies <.D.) = <.L.) & <.D.) =
the carrier of L
proof
assume that
A1: L is 0_Lattice and
A2: Bottom L in D;
A3: <.Bottom L.) = <.L.) by A1,Th17;
hence <.D.) c= <.L.) & <.L.) c= <.D.) by A2,Th23;
thus <.D.) c= the carrier of L & the carrier of L c= <.D.) by A2,A3,Th23;
end;
theorem Th26:
L is 0_Lattice & Bottom L in F implies F = <.L.) & F = the carrier of L
proof
F = <.F.) by Th21;
hence thesis by Th25;
end;
definition
let L,F;
attr F is prime means
p "\/" q in F iff p in F or q in F;
end;
theorem Th27:
L is B_Lattice implies for p,q holds p "/\" (p` "\/" q) [= q &
for r st p "/\" r [= q holds r [= p` "\/" q
proof
assume L is B_Lattice;
then reconsider S = L as B_Lattice;
reconsider J = S as 1_Lattice;
reconsider K = S as 0_Lattice;
let p,q;
set r = p` "\/" q;
reconsider p9 = p, q9 = q as Element of K;
reconsider p99 = p as Element of S;
A1: p99 "/\" p99` = Bottom L & Bottom K "\/" (p9 "/\" q9) = p9 "/\" q9 by
LATTICES:20;
reconsider K = S as D_Lattice;
reconsider p9 = p, q9 = q, r9 = r as Element of K;
p9 "/\" r9 = (p9 "/\" p9`) "\/" (p9 "/\" q9) by LATTICES:def 11;
hence p "/\" r [= q by A1,LATTICES:6;
let r1;
reconsider r19 = r1 as Element of K;
reconsider pp = p, r99 = r1 as Element of J;
A2: p99` "\/" p99 = Top L & Top J "/\" (pp` "\/" r99) = pp` "\/" r99 by
LATTICES:21;
assume p "/\" r1 [= q;
then
A3: p` "\/" (p "/\" r1) [= r by Th1;
p9` "\/" (p9 "/\" r19) = (p9` "\/" p9) "/\" (p9` "\/" r19) & r1 [= r1
"\/" p ` by LATTICES:5,11;
hence thesis by A3,A2,LATTICES:7;
end;
definition
let IT be non empty LattStr;
attr IT is implicative means
: Def6:
for p,q being Element of IT ex r being
Element of IT st p "/\" r [= q & for r1 being Element of IT st p "/\" r1 [= q
holds r1 [= r;
end;
registration
cluster strict implicative for Lattice;
existence
proof
set L = the strict B_Lattice;
now
let p,q be Element of L;
reconsider r = p` "\/" q as Element of L;
take r;
thus p "/\" r [= q & for r1 being Element of L st p "/\" r1 [= q holds
r1 [= r by Th27;
end;
then L is implicative;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
definition
mode I_Lattice is implicative Lattice;
end;
definition
let L,p,q;
assume
A1: L is I_Lattice;
func p => q -> Element of L means
: Def7:
p "/\" it [= q & for r st p "/\" r [= q holds r [= it;
existence by A1,Def6;
correctness
proof
let r1,r2 be Element of L;
assume p "/\" r1 [= q & ( for r st p "/\" r [= q holds r [= r1)& p "/\"
r2 [= q & for r st p "/\" r [= q holds r [= r2;
then r1 [= r2 & r2 [= r1;
hence thesis by LATTICES:8;
end;
end;
reserve I for I_Lattice,
i,j,k for Element of I;
registration
cluster -> upper-bounded for I_Lattice;
coherence
proof
let I;
set i = the Element of I;
take k = i => i;
let j;
i "/\" j [= i by LATTICES:6;
then
A1: j [= k by Def7;
j "\/" k = k "\/" j;
hence thesis by A1;
end;
end;
theorem Th28:
i => i = Top I
proof
now
let j;
i "/\" j [= i by LATTICES:6;
then j [= i => i by Def7;
hence j"\/"(i => i) = i => i;
end;
hence thesis by RLSUB_2:65;
end;
registration
cluster -> distributive for I_Lattice;
coherence
proof
let I;
let i,j,k;
i"/\"k [= (i"/\"k)"\/"(i"/\"j) by LATTICES:5;
then
A1: k [= i => ((i"/\"j)"\/"(i"/\" k)) by Def7;
i"/\"j [= (i"/\"j)"\/"(i"/\"k) by LATTICES:5;
then j [= i => ((i"/\"j)"\/"(i"/\"k)) by Def7;
then j"\/"k [= i => ((i"/\"j)"\/"(i"/\"k)) by A1,Th6;
then
A2: i"/\"(j"\/"k) [= i"/\"(i => ((i"/\"j)"\/"(i"/\"k))) by LATTICES:9;
i"/\"j [= i"/\"(j"\/"k) & i"/\"k [= i"/\"(j"\/"k) by LATTICES:5,9;
then
A3: (i"/\"j)"\/"(i"/\"k) [= i"/\"(j"\/"k) by Th6;
i"/\"(i => ((i"/\"j)"\/"(i"/\"k))) [= (i"/\"j)"\/"(i"/\" k) by Def7;
then i"/\"(j"\/"k) [= (i"/\"j)"\/"(i"/\"k) by A2,LATTICES:7;
hence i"/\"(j"\/"k) = (i"/\"j)"\/"(i"/\"k) by A3,LATTICES:8;
end;
end;
reserve B for B_Lattice,
FB,HB for Filter of B;
registration
cluster -> implicative for B_Lattice;
coherence
proof
let B;
let p,q be Element of B;
take r = p` "\/" q;
thus p "/\" r [= q & for r1 being Element of B st p "/\" r1 [= q holds r1 [=
r by Th27;
end;
end;
registration
cluster implicative -> distributive for Lattice;
coherence;
end;
reserve I for I_Lattice,
i,j,k for Element of I,
DI for non empty Subset of I,
FI for Filter of I;
theorem Th29:
i in FI & i => j in FI implies j in FI
proof
assume i in FI & i => j in FI;
then
A1: i "/\" (i => j) in FI by Th8;
i "/\" (i => j) [= j by Def7;
hence thesis by A1,Th9;
end;
theorem Th30:
j in FI implies i => j in FI
proof
j"/\"i [= j by LATTICES:6;
then j [= i => j by Def7;
hence thesis by Th9;
end;
definition
let L,D1,D2;
func D1 "/\" D2 -> Subset of L equals
{ p"/\"q : p in D1 & q in D2 };
coherence
proof
set x = the Element of D1,y = the Element of D2;
reconsider x, y as Element of L;
x"/\"y in { p"/\"q : p in D1 & q in D2 };
then reconsider D = { p"/\"q : p in D1 & q in D2 } as non empty set;
D c= the carrier of L
proof
let x be object;
assume x in D;
then ex p,q st x = p"/\"q & p in D1 & q in D2;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
registration
let L,D1,D2;
cluster D1 "/\" D2 -> non empty;
coherence
proof
set x = the Element of D1,y = the Element of D2;
reconsider x, y as Element of L;
x"/\"y in { p"/\"q : p in D1 & q in D2 };
hence thesis;
end;
end;
theorem
p in D1 & q in D2 implies p"/\"q in D1 "/\" D2 & q"/\"p in D1 "/\" D2;
theorem
x in D1 "/\" D2 implies ex p,q st x = p"/\"q & p in D1 & q in D2;
theorem Th33:
D1 "/\" D2 = D2 "/\" D1
proof
now
let D1,D2;
thus D1 "/\" D2 c= D2 "/\" D1
proof
let x be object;
assume x in D1 "/\" D2;
then ex p,q st x = p"/\"q & p in D1 & q in D2;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
hence D1 "/\" D2 c= D2 "/\" D1 & D2 "/\" D1 c= D1 "/\" D2;
end;
registration
let L be D_Lattice;
let F1,F2 be Filter of L;
cluster F1 "/\" F2 -> final meet-closed;
coherence
proof
now let p,q be Element of L;
A1: p = p"\/"(p"/\"q) & q = q"\/"(p"/\"q) by LATTICES:def 8;
thus p in F1 "/\" F2 & q in F1 "/\" F2 implies p"/\"q in F1 "/\" F2
proof
assume p in F1 "/\" F2;
then consider p1,p2 being Element of L such that
A2: p = p1"/\"p2 and
A3: p1 in F1 & p2 in F2;
assume q in F1 "/\" F2;
then consider q1,q2 being Element of L such that
A4: q = q1"/\"q2 and
A5: q1 in F1 & q2 in F2;
A6: p"/\"q = p1"/\"p2"/\"q1"/\"q2 by A2,A4,LATTICES:def 7
.= p1"/\"q1"/\"p2"/\"q2 by LATTICES:def 7
.= p1"/\"q1"/\"(p2"/\"q2) by LATTICES:def 7;
p1"/\"q1 in F1 & p2"/\"q2 in F2 by A3,A5,Th8;
hence thesis by A6;
end;
assume p"/\"q in F1 "/\" F2;
then consider p1,q1 being Element of L such that
A7: p"/\"q = p1"/\"q1 and
A8: p1 in F1 & q1 in F2;
A9: q"\/"p1 in F1 & q"\/"q1 in F2 by A8,Th10;
A10: p"\/"(p1"/\"q1) = (p"\/"p1)"/\"(p"\/"q1) & q"\/"(p1"/\"q1) = (q"\/"p1
)"/\"(q "\/"q1) by LATTICES:11;
p"\/"p1 in F1 & p"\/" q1 in F2 by A8,Th10;
hence p in F1 "/\" F2 & q in F1 "/\" F2 by A7,A1,A10,A9;
end;
hence thesis by Th8;
end;
end;
theorem Th34:
<.D1 \/ D2.) = <.<.D1.) \/ D2.) & <.D1 \/ D2.) = <.D1 \/ <.D2.) .)
proof
now
let D1,D2;
D2 c= D1 \/ D2 & D1 \/ D2 c= <.D1 \/ D2.) by Def4,XBOOLE_1:7;
then
A1: D2 c= <.D1 \/ D2.);
D1 c= <.D1.) by Def4;
then D1 \/ D2 c= <.D1.) \/ D2 by XBOOLE_1:9;
hence <.D1 \/ D2.) c= <.<.D1.) \/ D2.) by Th22;
<.D1.) c= <.D1 \/ D2.) by Th22,XBOOLE_1:7;
then <.D1.) \/ D2 c= <.D1 \/ D2.) by A1,XBOOLE_1:8;
hence <.<.D1.) \/ D2.) c= <.D1 \/ D2.) by Def4;
end;
hence <.D1 \/ D2.) c= <.<.D1.) \/ D2.) & <.<.D1.) \/ D2.) c= <.D1 \/ D2.) &
<.D1 \/ D2.) c= <.D1 \/ <.D2.).) & <.D1 \/ <.D2.).) c= <.D1 \/ D2.);
end;
theorem
<.F \/ H.) = { r : ex p,q st p"/\"q [= r & p in F & q in H }
proof
set X = { r1 : ex p,q st p"/\"q [= r1 & p in F & q in H };
consider p1 such that
A1: p1 in F by SUBSET_1:4;
consider q1 such that
A2: q1 in H by SUBSET_1:4;
p1"/\"q1 in X by A1,A2;
then reconsider D = X as non empty set;
D c= the carrier of L
proof
let x be object;
assume x in D;
then ex r1 st x = r1 & ex p,q st p"/\"q [= r1 & p in F & q in H;
hence thesis;
end;
then reconsider D as non empty Subset of L;
A3: for p,q st p in D & p [= q holds q in D
proof
let p,q;
assume p in D;
then ex r1 st p = r1 & ex p,q st p"/\"q [= r1 & p in F & q in H;
then consider p1,q1 such that
A4: p1"/\"q1 [= p and
A5: p1 in F & q1 in H;
assume p [= q;
then p1"/\"q1 [= q by A4,LATTICES:7;
hence thesis by A5;
end;
for p,q st p in D & q in D holds p"/\"q in D
proof
let p,q;
assume p in D;
then
ex r1 be Element of L st p = r1 & ex p,q st p"/\"q [= r1 & p in F & q in H;
then consider p1,q1 be Element of L such that
A6: p1"/\"q1 [= p and
A7: p1 in F & q1 in H;
assume q in D;
then
ex r2 be Element of L st q = r2 & ex p,q st p"/\"q [= r2 & p in F & q in H;
then consider p2,q2 be Element of L such that
A8: p2"/\"q2 [= q and
A9: p2 in F & q2 in H;
A10: p"/\"(p2"/\"q2) [= p "/\" q by A8,LATTICES:9;
p1"/\"q1"/\"(p2"/\"q2) [= p"/\"(p2"/\"q2) by A6,LATTICES:9;
then
A11: p1"/\"q1"/\"(p2"/\"q2) [= p"/\"q by A10,LATTICES:7;
A12: p1"/\"q1"/\"(p2"/\"q2) = p1"/\"q1"/\"p2"/\"q2 by LATTICES:def 7
.= p1"/\"p2"/\"q1"/\"q2 by LATTICES:def 7
.= p1"/\"p2"/\"(q1"/\"q2) by LATTICES:def 7;
p1"/\"p2 in F & q1"/\"q2 in H by A7,A9,Th8;
hence thesis by A12,A11;
end;
then reconsider D as Filter of L by A3,Th9;
A13: H c= D
proof
let x be object;
assume x in H;
then reconsider q = x as Element of H;
q"/\"p1 [= q by LATTICES:6;
hence thesis by A1;
end;
F c= D
proof
let x be object;
assume x in F;
then reconsider p = x as Element of F;
p"/\"q1 [= p by LATTICES:6;
hence thesis by A2;
end;
then F \/ H c= D by A13,XBOOLE_1:8;
hence <.F \/ H.) c= X by Def4;
let x be object;
assume x in X;
then consider r such that
A14: x = r and
A15: ex p,q st p"/\"q [= r & p in F & q in H;
A16: F \/ H c= <.F \/ H.) by Def4;
H c= F \/ H by XBOOLE_1:7;
then
A17: H c= <.F \/ H.) by A16;
consider p,q such that
A18: p"/\"q [= r and
A19: p in F & q in H by A15;
F c= F \/ H by XBOOLE_1:7;
then F c= <.F \/ H.) by A16;
then p"/\"q in <.F \/ H.) by A19,A17,Th8;
hence thesis by A14,A18,Th9;
end;
theorem Th36:
F c= F "/\" H & H c= F "/\" H
proof
A1: now
let F,H;
thus F c= F "/\" H
proof
let x be object;
assume
A2: x in F;
then reconsider i = x as Element of L;
consider p such that
A3: p in H by SUBSET_1:4;
i [= i"\/"p by LATTICES:5;
then
A4: i"/\"(i"\/"p) = i by LATTICES:4;
p [= p"\/"i by LATTICES:5;
then i"\/"p in H by A3,Th9;
hence thesis by A2,A4;
end;
end;
F "/\" H = H "/\" F by Th33;
hence thesis by A1;
end;
theorem Th37:
<.F \/ H.) = <.F "/\" H.)
proof
F c= F "/\" H & H c= F "/\" H by Th36;
then F \/ H c= F "/\" H by XBOOLE_1:8;
hence <.F \/ H.) c= <.F "/\" H.) by Th22;
F"/\"H c= <.F \/ H.)
proof
let x be object;
assume x in F"/\"H;
then consider p,q such that
A1: x = p"/\"q and
A2: p in F and
A3: q in H;
H c= F \/ H by XBOOLE_1:7;
then
A4: q in F \/ H by A3;
A5: F \/ H c= <.F \/ H.) by Def4;
F c= F \/ H by XBOOLE_1:7;
then p in F \/ H by A2;
hence thesis by A1,A4,A5,Th9;
end;
then <.F"/\"H.) c= <.<.F \/ H.).) by Th22;
hence thesis by Th21;
end;
reserve F1,F2 for Filter of I;
theorem Th38:
<.F1 \/ F2.) = F1 "/\" F2
proof
F1 "/\" F2 = <.F1 "/\" F2.) by Th21;
hence thesis by Th37;
end;
theorem
<.FB \/ HB.) = FB "/\" HB
proof
FB "/\" HB = <.FB "/\" HB.) by Th21;
hence thesis by Th37;
end;
theorem Th40:
j in <.DI \/ {i}.) implies i => j in <.DI.)
proof
assume
A1: j in <.DI \/ {i}.);
<.DI \/ {i}.) = <.<.DI.) \/ {i}.) by Th34
.= <.<.DI.) \/ <.{i}.).) by Th34
.= <.<.DI.) \/ <.i.).) by Th24
.= <.DI.) "/\" <.i.) by Th38;
then consider i1,i2 being Element of I such that
A2: j = i1"/\"i2 and
A3: i1 in <.DI.) and
A4: i2 in <.i.) by A1;
i [= i2 by A4,Th15;
then i1"/\"i [= i1"/\"i2 by LATTICES:9;
then i1 [= i => j by A2,Def7;
hence thesis by A3,Th9;
end;
theorem Th41:
i => j in FI & j => k in FI implies i => k in FI
proof
assume that
A1: i => j in FI and
A2: j => k in FI;
A3: FI \/ {i} c= <.FI \/ {i}.) by Def4;
{i} c= FI \/ {i} by XBOOLE_1:7;
then
A4: {i} c= <.FI \/ {i}.) by A3;
FI c= FI \/ {i} by XBOOLE_1:7;
then
A5: FI c= <.FI \/ {i}.) by A3;
i in {i} by TARSKI:def 1;
then j in <.FI \/ {i}.) by A1,A5,A4,Th29;
then
A6: k in <.FI \/ {i}.) by A2,A5,Th29;
<.FI.) = FI by Th21;
hence thesis by A6,Th40;
end;
reserve a,b,c for Element of B;
theorem Th42:
a => b = a` "\/" b
proof
a "/\" (a` "\/" b) [= b & for c st a "/\" c [= b holds c [= a` "\/" b by Th27
;
hence thesis by Def7;
end;
theorem Th43:
a [= b iff a"/\"b` = Bottom B
proof
reconsider B9 = B as 0_Lattice;
reconsider B99 = B as 1_Lattice;
reconsider D = B as D_Lattice;
reconsider a9 = a, b9 = b, c9 = a"/\"b` as Element of B9;
reconsider a99 = a, b99 = b as Element of B99;
reconsider a1 = a, b1 = b as Element of D;
thus a [= b implies a"/\"b` = Bottom B
proof
assume a [= b;
then a = a"/\"b by LATTICES:4;
hence a"/\"b` = a"/\"(b"/\"b`) by LATTICES:def 7
.= a9"/\"Bottom B9 by LATTICES:20
.= Bottom B;
end;
assume a"/\"b` = Bottom B;
then b = b9"\/"c9
.= (b1"\/"a1)"/\"(b1"\/"b1`) by LATTICES:11
.= (b99"\/"a99)"/\"Top B99 by LATTICES:21
.= a"\/"b;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem Th44:
FB is being_ultrafilter iff FB <> the carrier of B & for a holds
a in FB or a` in FB
proof
thus FB is being_ultrafilter implies FB <> the carrier of B & for a holds a
in FB or a` in FB
proof
reconsider I = B as I_Lattice;
assume that
A1: FB <> the carrier of B and
A2: for HB st FB c= HB & HB <> the carrier of B holds FB = HB;
thus FB <> the carrier of B by A1;
let a such that
A3: not a in FB;
A4: a in <.a.);
A5: FB \/ <.a.) c= <.FB \/ <.a.).) by Def4;
<.a.) c= FB \/ <.a.) by XBOOLE_1:7;
then <.a.) c= <.FB \/ <.a.).) by A5;
then FB c= FB \/ <.a.) & FB <> <.FB \/ <.a.).) by A3,A4,XBOOLE_1:7;
then <.FB \/ <.a.).) = the carrier of B by A2,A5,XBOOLE_1:1;
then
A6: a` in <.FB \/ <.a.).);
reconsider a9 = a as Element of I;
reconsider FI = FB as Filter of I;
A7: a => a` = a`"\/"a` by Th42;
<.{a}.) = <.a.) by Th24;
then
A8: a9` in <.FI \/ {a9}.) by A6,Th34;
FB = <.FB.) by Th21;
then a => a` in FB by A8,Th40;
hence thesis by A7;
end;
assume that
A9: FB <> the carrier of B and
A10: for a holds a in FB or a` in FB;
thus FB <> the carrier of B by A9;
let HB;
assume that
A11: FB c= HB and
A12: HB <> the carrier of B and
A13: FB <> HB;
ex x being object st not (x in FB iff x in HB) by A13,TARSKI:2;
then consider x such that
A14: x in HB and
A15: not x in FB by A11;
reconsider x as Element of HB by A14;
x` in FB by A10,A15;
then x`"/\"x in HB by A11,Th8;
then
A16: Bottom B in HB by LATTICES:20;
HB = <.HB.) by Th21;
hence contradiction by A12,A16,Th25;
end;
theorem
FB <> <.B.) & FB is prime iff FB is being_ultrafilter
proof
thus FB <> <.B.) & FB is prime implies FB is being_ultrafilter
proof
assume that
A1: FB <> <.B.) and
A2: for a,b holds a"\/"b in FB iff a in FB or b in FB;
now
let a such that
A3: not a in FB;
a"\/"a` = Top B by LATTICES:21;
then a"\/"a` in FB by Th11;
hence a` in FB by A2,A3;
end;
hence thesis by A1,Th44;
end;
assume
A4: FB is being_ultrafilter;
hence FB <> <.B.);
let a,b;
A5: FB <> the carrier of B by A4;
thus a"\/"b in FB implies a in FB or b in FB
proof
assume that
A6: a"\/"b in FB and
A7: ( not a in FB)& not b in FB;
a` in FB & b` in FB by A4,A7,Th44;
then a`"/\"b` in FB by Th8;
then (a"\/"b)` in FB by LATTICES:24;
then a"\/"b"/\"(a"\/"b)` in FB by A6,Th8;
then
A8: Bottom B in FB by LATTICES:20;
FB = <.FB.) by Th21;
hence contradiction by A5,A8,Th25;
end;
thus thesis by Th10;
end;
theorem Th46:
FB is being_ultrafilter implies for a holds a in FB iff not a` in FB
proof
assume
A1: FB is being_ultrafilter;
let a;
thus a in FB implies not a` in FB
proof
assume a in FB & a` in FB;
then a"/\"a` in FB by Th8;
then Bottom B in FB by LATTICES:20;
then FB = the carrier of B by Th26;
hence contradiction by A1;
end;
thus thesis by A1,Th44;
end;
theorem
a <> b implies ex FB st FB is being_ultrafilter & (a in FB & not b in
FB or not a in FB & b in FB)
proof
assume a <> b;
then not a [= b or not b [= a by LATTICES:8;
then a"/\"b` <> Bottom B or b"/\"a` <> Bottom B by Th43;
then (ex FB st a"/\"b` in FB & FB is being_ultrafilter) or ex FB st b"/\"a`
in FB & FB is being_ultrafilter by Th20;
then consider FB such that
A1: FB is being_ultrafilter and
A2: a"/\"b` in FB or b"/\"a` in FB;
take FB;
thus FB is being_ultrafilter by A1;
a in FB & b` in FB or b in FB & a` in FB by A2,Th8;
hence thesis by A1,Th46;
end;
reserve o1,o2 for BinOp of F;
definition
let L,F;
func latt F -> Lattice means
: Def9:
ex o1,o2 st o1 = (the L_join of L)||F
& o2 = (the L_meet of L)||F & it = LattStr (#F, o1, o2#);
uniqueness;
existence
proof
reconsider o1 = (the L_join of L)||F, o2 = (the L_meet of L)||F as
Function of [:F,F:],the carrier of L by FUNCT_2:32;
A1: dom o1 = [:F,F:] by FUNCT_2:def 1;
rng o1 c= F
proof
let y be object;
assume y in rng o1;
then consider x being object such that
A2: x in dom o1 and
A3: y = o1.x by FUNCT_1:def 3;
reconsider p = x`1, q = x`2 as Element of F by A2,MCART_1:10;
x = [x`1,x`2] by A2,MCART_1:21;
then o1.x = p"\/"q by A2,FUNCT_1:47;
hence thesis by A3,Th10;
end;
then reconsider o1 as Function of [:F,F qua non empty set:],F by A1,
FUNCT_2:def 1,RELSET_1:4;
A4: dom o2 = [:F,F:] by FUNCT_2:def 1;
rng o2 c= F
proof
let y be object;
assume y in rng o2;
then consider x being object such that
A5: x in dom o2 and
A6: y = o2.x by FUNCT_1:def 3;
reconsider p = x`1, q = x`2 as Element of F by A5,MCART_1:10;
x = [x`1,x`2] by A5,MCART_1:21;
then o2.x = p"/\"q by A5,FUNCT_1:47;
hence thesis by A6,Th8;
end;
then reconsider o2 as Function of [:F,F qua non empty set:],F by A4,
FUNCT_2:def 1,RELSET_1:4;
reconsider K = LattStr (#F, o1, o2#) as non empty LattStr;
A7: for a,b being Element of K holds (the L_join of K).(a,b) = (the
L_join of L).(a,b) & (the L_meet of K).(a,b) = (the L_meet of L).(a,b)
proof
let a,b be Element of K;
(the L_join of K).(a,b) = (the L_join of K).[a,b];
hence thesis by A1,A4,FUNCT_1:47;
end;
A8: for a,b,c being Element of K holds a"/\"(b"/\"c) = (a"/\"b)"/\"c
proof
let a,b,c be Element of K;
reconsider a9 = a, b9 = b, c9 = c as Element of F;
thus a"/\"(b"/\"c) = (the L_meet of L).(a,b"/\"c) by A7
.= a9"/\"(b9"/\"c9) by A7
.= a9"/\"b9"/\"c9 by LATTICES:def 7
.= (the L_meet of L).(a"/\"b,c) by A7
.= (a"/\"b)"/\"c by A7;
end;
A9: for a,b being Element of K holds a"/\"(a"\/"b)=a
proof
let a,b be Element of K;
reconsider a9 = a, b9 = b as Element of F;
thus a"/\"(a"\/"b) = (the L_meet of L).(a,a"\/"b) by A7
.= a9"/\"(a9"\/"b9) by A7
.= a by LATTICES:def 9;
end;
A10: for a,b being Element of K holds a"/\"b = b"/\"a
proof
let a,b be Element of K;
reconsider a9 = a, b9 = b as Element of F;
thus a"/\"b = (the L_meet of L).(a9,b9) by A7
.= b9"/\"a9 by LATTICES:def 2
.= b"/\"a by A7;
end;
A11: for a,b being Element of K holds (a"/\"b)"\/"b = b
proof
let a,b be Element of K;
reconsider a9 = a, b9 = b as Element of F;
thus (a"/\"b)"\/"b = (the L_join of L).(a"/\"b,b) by A7
.= (a9"/\"b9)"\/"b9 by A7
.= b by LATTICES:def 8;
end;
A12: for a,b being Element of K holds a"\/"b = b"\/"a
proof
let a,b be Element of K;
reconsider a9 = a, b9 = b as Element of F;
thus a"\/"b = (the L_join of L).(a9,b9) by A7
.= b9"\/"a9 by LATTICES:def 1
.= b"\/"a by A7;
end;
for a,b,c being Element of K holds a"\/"(b"\/"c) = (a"\/"b)"\/"c
proof
let a,b,c be Element of K;
reconsider a9 = a, b9 = b, c9 = c as Element of F;
thus a"\/"(b"\/"c) = (the L_join of L).(a,b"\/"c) by A7
.= a9"\/"(b9"\/"c9) by A7
.= a9"\/"b9"\/"c9 by LATTICES:def 5
.= (the L_join of L).(a"\/"b,c) by A7
.= (a"\/"b)"\/"c by A7;
end;
then K is join-commutative join-associative meet-absorbing
meet-commutative meet-associative join-absorbing by A12,A11,A10,A8,A9;
then reconsider Q = K as Lattice;
take Q, o1, o2;
thus thesis;
end;
end;
registration
let L,F;
cluster latt F -> strict;
coherence
proof
ex o1,o2 st o1 = (the L_join of L)||F & o2 = (the L_meet of L)||F &
latt F = LattStr (#F, o1, o2#) by Def9;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
theorem
for L being strict Lattice holds latt <.L.) = L
proof
let L be strict Lattice;
dom the L_meet of L = [:the carrier of L, the carrier of L:] by FUNCT_2:def 1
;
then
A1: the L_meet of L = (the L_meet of L)||the carrier of L by RELAT_1:68;
dom the L_join of L = [:the carrier of L, the carrier of L:] by FUNCT_2:def 1
;
then the L_join of L = (the L_join of L)||the carrier of L by RELAT_1:68;
hence thesis by A1,Def9;
end;
theorem Th49:
the carrier of latt F = F & the L_join of latt F = (the L_join
of L)||F & the L_meet of latt F = (the L_meet of L)||F
proof
ex o1,o2 st o1 = (the L_join of L)||F & o2 = (the L_meet of L)||F & latt
F = LattStr (#F, o1, o2#) by Def9;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem Th50:
for p9,q9 being Element of latt F st p = p9 & q = q9 holds p"\/"
q = p9"\/"q9 & p"/\"q = p9"/\"q9
proof
let p9,q9 be Element of latt F such that
A1: p = p9 & q = q9;
consider o1,o2 such that
A2: o1 = (the L_join of L)||F and
A3: o2 = (the L_meet of L)||F and
A4: latt F = LattStr (#F, o1, o2#) by Def9;
dom o1 = [:F,F:] by FUNCT_2:def 1;
then [p,q] in dom o1 by A1,A4,ZFMISC_1:87;
hence p"\/"q = p9"\/"q9 by A1,A2,A4,FUNCT_1:47;
dom o2 = [:F,F:] by FUNCT_2:def 1;
then [p,q] in dom o2 by A1,A4,ZFMISC_1:87;
hence thesis by A1,A3,A4,FUNCT_1:47;
end;
theorem Th51:
for p9,q9 being Element of latt F st p = p9 & q = q9 holds p [=
q iff p9 [= q9
by Th50;
theorem Th52:
L is upper-bounded implies latt F is upper-bounded
proof
given p such that
A1: p"\/"q = p & q"\/"p = p;
consider q such that
A2: q in F by SUBSET_1:4;
A3: ex o1,o2 st o1 = (the L_join of L)||F & o2 = (the L_meet of L)||F & latt
F = LattStr (#F, o1, o2#) by Def9;
p"\/"q = p by A1;
then reconsider p9 = p as Element of latt F by A2,A3,Th10;
take p9;
let r be Element of latt F;
reconsider r9 = r as Element of F by A3;
thus p9"\/"r = p"\/"r9 by Th50
.= p9 by A1;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem
L is modular implies latt F is modular
proof
assume
A1: for a,b,c being Element of L st a [= c holds a"\/"(b"/\"c) = (a"\/"b
)"/\"c;
let a,b,c be Element of latt F such that
A2: a [= c;
reconsider p = a, q = b, r = c as Element of F by Th49;
b"/\"c = q"/\"r by Th50;
then
A3: a"\/"(b"/\"c) = p"\/"(q"/\"r) by Th50;
a"\/"b = p"\/"q by Th50;
then
A4: (a"\/"b)"/\"c = (p"\/"q)"/\" r by Th50;
p [= r by A2,Th51;
hence a"\/"(b"/\"c) = (a"\/"b)"/\"c by A1,A3,A4;
end;
theorem Th54:
L is distributive implies latt F is distributive
proof
assume
A1: for p,q,r holds p"/\"(q"\/"r) = (p"/\"q)"\/"(p"/\"r);
let p9,q9,r9 be Element of latt F;
reconsider p = p9, q = q9, r = r9, qr = q9"\/"r9 as Element of F by Th49;
A2: p9"/\"q9 = p"/\"q & p9"/\"r9 = p"/\"r by Th50;
thus p9"/\"(q9"\/"r9) = p"/\"qr by Th50
.= p"/\"(q"\/"r) by Th50
.= (p"/\"q)"\/"(p"/\"r) by A1
.= (p9"/\"q9)"\/"(p9"/\"r9) by A2,Th50;
end;
theorem
L is I_Lattice implies latt F is implicative
proof
assume
A1: L is I_Lattice;
then reconsider I = L as I_Lattice;
reconsider FI = F as Filter of I;
let p9,q9 be Element of latt F;
reconsider p = p9, q = q9 as Element of F by Th49;
consider r such that
A2: p"/\"r [= q and
A3: for r1 st p"/\"r1 [= q holds r1 [= r by A1,Def6;
reconsider i = p, j = q as Element of I;
A4: i => j in FI by Th30;
i => j = r by A2,A3,Def7;
then reconsider r9 = r as Element of latt F by A4,Th49;
take r9;
p"/\"r = p9"/\"r9 by Th50;
hence p9"/\"r9 [= q9 by A2,Th51;
let s9 be Element of latt F such that
A5: p9"/\"s9 [= q9;
reconsider s = s9 as Element of F by Th49;
p"/\"s = p9"/\"s9 by Th50;
then p"/\"s [= q by A5,Th51;
then s [= r by A3;
hence thesis by Th51;
end;
registration
let L,p;
cluster latt <.p.) -> lower-bounded;
coherence
proof
the carrier of latt <.p.) = <.p.) by Th49;
then reconsider p9 = p as Element of latt <.p.) by Th16;
take p9;
let q9 be Element of latt <.p.);
reconsider q = q9 as Element of <.p.) by Th49;
p [= q by Th15;
then p"/\"q = p by LATTICES:4;
hence thesis by Th50;
end;
end;
theorem Th56:
Bottom latt <.p.) = p
proof
consider q9 being Element of latt <.p.) such that
A1: for r9 being Element of latt <.p.) holds q9"/\"r9 = q9 & r9"/\"q9 =
q9 by LATTICES:def 13;
the carrier of latt <.p.) = <.p.) by Th49;
then reconsider p9 = p as Element of latt <.p.) by Th16;
reconsider q = q9 as Element of <.p.) by Th49;
q9"/\"p9 = q9 by A1;
then q9 [= p9 by LATTICES:4;
then
A2: q [= p by Th51;
A3: p [= q by Th15;
q9 = Bottom latt <.p.) by A1,RLSUB_2:64;
hence thesis by A2,A3,LATTICES:8;
end;
theorem Th57:
L is upper-bounded implies Top latt <.p.) = Top L
proof
given q such that
A1: for r holds q"\/"r = q & r"\/"q = q;
L is 1_Lattice by A1,LATTICES:def 14;
then Top L in <.p.) by Th11;
then reconsider q9 = Top L as Element of latt <.p.) by Th49;
A2: q = Top L by A1,RLSUB_2:65;
now
let r9 be Element of latt <.p.);
reconsider r = r9 as Element of <.p.) by Th49;
thus r9"\/"q9 = q"\/"r by A2,Th50
.= q9 by A1,A2;
end;
hence thesis by RLSUB_2:65;
end;
theorem Th58:
L is 1_Lattice implies latt <.p.) is bounded
by Th52;
theorem Th59:
L is C_Lattice & L is M_Lattice implies latt <.p.) is C_Lattice
proof
assume that
A1: L is C_Lattice and
A2: L is M_Lattice;
reconsider B = L as C_Lattice by A1;
reconsider M = latt <.p.) as 01_Lattice by A1,Th58;
M is complemented
proof
let r9 be Element of M;
reconsider r = r9 as Element of <.p.) by Th49;
reconsider p1 = p as Element of B;
consider q such that
A3: q is_a_complement_of r by A1,LATTICES:def 19;
the carrier of latt <.p.) = <.p.) by Th49;
then reconsider q9 = p"\/"q as Element of M by Th16;
take q9;
thus q9"\/"r9 = p"\/"q"\/"r by Th50
.= p"\/"(q"\/"r) by LATTICES:def 5
.= p1"\/"Top B by A3
.= Top L
.= Top M by A1,Th57;
hence r9"\/"q9= Top M;
p [= r by Th15;
then (p"\/"q)"/\"r = p"\/"(q"/\"r) by A2,LATTICES:def 12;
hence q9"/\"r9 = p"\/"(q"/\"r) by Th50
.= p1"\/"Bottom B by A3
.= p
.= Bottom M by Th56;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem
L is B_Lattice implies latt <.p.) is B_Lattice
proof
assume L is B_Lattice;
then latt <.p.) is bounded complemented distributive Lattice by Th54,Th59;
hence thesis;
end;
definition
let L,p,q;
func p <=> q -> Element of L equals
(p => q)"/\"(q => p);
correctness;
end;
theorem
p <=> q = q <=> p;
theorem Th62:
i <=> j in FI & j <=> k in FI implies i <=> k in FI
proof
assume
A1: i <=> j in FI & j <=> k in FI;
then j => i in FI & k => j in FI by Th8;
then
A2: k => i in FI by Th41;
i => j in FI & j => k in FI by A1,Th8;
then i => k in FI by Th41;
hence thesis by A2,Th8;
end;
definition
let L,F;
func equivalence_wrt F -> Relation means
:Def11:
field it c= the carrier of L & for p,q holds [p,q] in it iff p <=> q in F;
existence
proof
defpred P[object,object] means ex p,q st $1 = p & $2 = q & p <=> q in F;
consider R being Relation such that
A1: for x,y being object holds [x,y] in R iff x in the carrier of L & y in the
carrier of L & P[x,y] from RELAT_1:sch 1;
take R;
thus field R c= the carrier of L
proof
let x be object;
assume x in field R;
then ex y being object st [x,y] in R or [y,x] in R by WELLSET1:1;
hence thesis by A1;
end;
let p,q;
thus [p,q] in R implies p <=> q in F
proof
assume [p,q] in R;
then ex p1,q1 st p = p1 & q = q1 & p1 <=> q1 in F by A1;
hence thesis;
end;
thus thesis by A1;
end;
uniqueness
proof
let R1,R2 be Relation such that
A2: field R1 c= the carrier of L and
A3: for p,q holds [p,q] in R1 iff p <=> q in F and
A4: field R2 c= the carrier of L and
A5: for p,q holds [p,q] in R2 iff p <=> q in F;
let x,y be object;
thus [x,y] in R1 implies [x,y] in R2
proof
assume
A6: [x,y] in R1;
then x in field R1 & y in field R1 by RELAT_1:15;
then reconsider p = x, q = y as Element of L by A2;
p <=> q in F by A3,A6;
hence thesis by A5;
end;
assume
A7: [x,y] in R2;
then x in field R2 & y in field R2 by RELAT_1:15;
then reconsider p = x, q = y as Element of L by A4;
p <=> q in F by A5,A7;
hence thesis by A3;
end;
end;
theorem Th63:
equivalence_wrt F is Relation of the carrier of L
proof
equivalence_wrt F c= [:the carrier of L, the carrier of L:]
proof
let y,z be object;
assume [y,z] in equivalence_wrt F;
then
A1: y in field equivalence_wrt F & z in field equivalence_wrt F by RELAT_1:15;
field equivalence_wrt F c= the carrier of L by Def11;
hence thesis by A1,ZFMISC_1:87;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem Th64:
L is I_Lattice implies equivalence_wrt F is_reflexive_in the carrier of L
proof
assume
A1: L is I_Lattice;
let x be object;
assume x in the carrier of L;
then reconsider p = x as Element of L;
p => p = Top L by A1,Th28;
then p <=> p = Top L;
then p <=> p in F by A1,Th11;
hence thesis by Def11;
end;
theorem Th65:
equivalence_wrt F is_symmetric_in the carrier of L
proof
let x,y be object;
assume x in the carrier of L & y in the carrier of L;
then reconsider p = x, q = y as Element of L;
assume [x,y] in equivalence_wrt F;
then p <=> q in F by Def11;
then q <=> p in F;
hence thesis by Def11;
end;
theorem Th66:
L is I_Lattice implies equivalence_wrt F is_transitive_in the carrier of L
proof
assume
A1: L is I_Lattice;
let x,y,z be object;
assume x in the carrier of L & y in the carrier of L & z in the carrier of L;
then reconsider p = x, q = y, r = z as Element of L;
assume [x,y] in equivalence_wrt F & [y,z] in equivalence_wrt F;
then p <=> q in F & q <=> r in F by Def11;
then p <=> r in F by A1,Th62;
hence thesis by Def11;
end;
theorem Th67:
L is I_Lattice implies equivalence_wrt F is Equivalence_Relation
of the carrier of L
proof
reconsider R = equivalence_wrt F as Relation of the carrier of L by Th63;
A1: R is_symmetric_in the carrier of L by Th65;
assume
A2: L is I_Lattice;
then R is_reflexive_in the carrier of L by Th64;
then
A3: field R = the carrier of L & dom R = the carrier of L by ORDERS_1:13;
R is_transitive_in the carrier of L by A2,Th66;
hence thesis by A3,A1,PARTFUN1:def 2,RELAT_2:def 11,def 16;
end;
theorem
L is I_Lattice implies field equivalence_wrt F = the carrier of L
proof
assume L is I_Lattice;
then equivalence_wrt F is Equivalence_Relation of the carrier of L by Th67;
hence thesis by ORDERS_1:12;
end;
definition
let I,FI;
redefine func equivalence_wrt FI -> Equivalence_Relation of the carrier of I;
coherence by Th67;
end;
definition
let B,FB;
redefine func equivalence_wrt FB -> Equivalence_Relation of the carrier of B;
coherence by Th67;
end;
definition
let L,F,p,q;
pred p,q are_equivalence_wrt F means
p <=> q in F;
end;
theorem
p,q are_equivalence_wrt F iff [p,q] in equivalence_wrt F
by Def11;
theorem
i,i are_equivalence_wrt FI & a,a are_equivalence_wrt FB
proof
A1: a => a = Top B by Th28;
i => i = Top I & Top I"/\"Top I = Top I by Th28;
hence i <=> i in FI & a <=> a in FB by A1,Th11;
end;
theorem
p,q are_equivalence_wrt F implies q,p are_equivalence_wrt F;
theorem
(i,j are_equivalence_wrt FI & j,k are_equivalence_wrt FI implies i,k
are_equivalence_wrt FI) & (a,b are_equivalence_wrt FB & b,c are_equivalence_wrt
FB implies a,c are_equivalence_wrt FB)
by Th62;
begin :: Addenda
:: missing, 2006.12.05, AT
theorem
for L being meet-absorbing meet-commutative meet-associative
join-absorbing join-commutative non empty LattStr for x,y,z being Element of
L st z [= x & z [= y & for z9 being Element of L st z9 [= x & z9 [= y holds z9
[= z holds z = x "/\" y
proof
let L be meet-absorbing meet-commutative meet-associative join-absorbing
join-commutative non empty LattStr;
let x,y,z being Element of L such that
A1: z [= x & z [= y and
A2: for z9 being Element of L st z9 [= x & z9 [= y holds z9 [= z;
x "/\" y [= x & x "/\" y [= y by LATTICES:6;
then
A3: x "/\" y [= z by A2;
z [= x "/\" y by A1,Th7;
hence thesis by A3,LATTICES:8;
end;
theorem
for L being meet-absorbing meet-commutative join-associative
join-absorbing join-commutative non empty LattStr for x,y,z being Element of
L st x [= z & y [= z & for z9 being Element of L st x [= z9 & y [= z9 holds z
[= z9 holds z = x "\/" y
proof
let L be meet-absorbing meet-commutative join-associative join-absorbing
join-commutative non empty LattStr;
let x,y,z being Element of L such that
A1: x [= z & y [= z and
A2: for z9 being Element of L st x [= z9 & y [= z9 holds z [= z9;
x [= x "\/" y & y [= x "\/" y by LATTICES:5;
then
A3: z [= x "\/" y by A2;
x "\/" y [= z by A1,Th6;
hence thesis by A3,LATTICES:8;
end;