:: Introduction to Stopping Time in Stochastic Finance Theory
:: by Peter Jaeger
::
:: Received June 27, 2017
:: Copyright (c) 2017-2018 Association of Mizar Users
:: (Stowarzyszenie Uzytkownikow Mizara, Bialystok, Poland).
:: This code can be distributed under the GNU General Public Licence
:: version 3.0 or later, or the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
:: License version 3.0 or later, subject to the binding interpretation
:: detailed in file COPYING.interpretation.
:: See COPYING.GPL and COPYING.CC-BY-SA for the full text of these
:: licenses, or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html and
:: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.
environ
vocabularies NUMBERS, XBOOLE_0, PROB_1, SUBSET_1, RELAT_1, FUNCT_1, TARSKI,
ARYTM_3, XXREAL_0, ARYTM_1, NAT_1, CARD_1, RPR_1, FINANCE3, MATRIX_7,
FUNCOP_1, FINANCE4, FUNCT_7, MEMBERED, RANDOM_1;
notations TARSKI, SUBSET_1, XBOOLE_0, SERIES_1, SETFAM_1, ENUMSET1, RELAT_1,
RANDOM_3, NUMBERS, XREAL_0, XXREAL_0, XCMPLX_0, SUPINF_1, FUNCT_1,
VALUED_1, NAT_1, FUNCT_2, PROB_1, SEQ_4, RELSET_1, MEMBERED, MATRIX_7,
FUNCOP_1, KOLMOG01, FINANCE3, RANDOM_1;
constructors SERIES_1, REAL_1, RELSET_1, SEQ_4, FINANCE2, ENUMSET1, RANDOM_2,
KOLMOG01, RANDOM_3, FINANCE3, SUPINF_1, SUBSET_1, MATRIX_7, NUMBERS,
XXREAL_0, XREAL_0, MEMBERED, RANDOM_1;
registrations PROB_1, FINANCE1, SUBSET_1, NAT_1, XREAL_0, MEMBERED, ORDINAL1,
FUNCT_2, NUMBERS, VALUED_0, VALUED_1, RELSET_1, INT_1, XBOOLE_0,
FINANCE3, XXREAL_0, ZFMISC_1;
requirements NUMERALS, REAL, BOOLE, SUBSET, ARITHM;
definitions XBOOLE_0, MEMBERED, TARSKI, FUNCT_2, FINANCE1, FINANCE3;
equalities FINANCE1, SUBSET_1, XCMPLX_0, FINANCE2, FINANCE3, XXREAL_3,
RELAT_1;
expansions FUNCT_2, MEMBERED, TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, PROB_1, FINANCE1, FINANCE3;
theorems TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, PROB_1, NAT_1, ZFMISC_1, ORDINAL1, FUNCT_2,
XREAL_0, FUNCT_1, NUMBERS, RELAT_1, ENUMSET1, FUNCOP_1, KOLMOG01,
FINANCE3, XTUPLE_0, XXREAL_0, XBOOLE_1, MEMBERED, MATRIX_7;
schemes NAT_1, FUNCT_2;
begin
reserve Omega for non empty set;
reserve Sigma for SigmaField of Omega;
reserve T for Nat;
theorem L:
for X being non empty set
for t being object
for f being Function st dom f = X holds
{w where w is Element of X: f.w = t} = Coim(f,t)
proof
let X be non empty set;
let t be object;
let f be Function such that
AA: dom f = X;
set A = {w where w is Element of X: f.w = t};
A0: t in {t} by TARSKI:def 1;
thus A c= Coim(f,t)
proof
let x be object;
assume x in A;
then ex w being Element of X st x = w & f.w = t;
then [x,t] in f by AA,FUNCT_1:1;
hence thesis by A0,RELAT_1:def 14;
end;
let x be object;
assume x in Coim(f,t);
then consider y being object such that
A1: [x,y] in f and
A2: y in {t} by RELAT_1:def 14;
A4: y = t by A2,TARSKI:def 1;
A3: x in dom f by A1,XTUPLE_0:def 12;
f.x = t by A1,A4,FUNCT_1:1;
hence thesis by AA,A3;
end;
definition
let I be ext-real-membered set;
func StoppingSetExt(I) -> Subset of ExtREAL equals
I \/ {+infty};
correctness by MEMBERED:2;
end;
registration
let I be ext-real-membered set;
cluster StoppingSetExt(I) -> non empty;
correctness;
end;
:: Definition of stopping time
definition
let T be Nat; ::: Segm (T+1)
func StoppingSet(T) -> Subset of REAL equals
{t where t is Element of NAT: 0<=t<=T};
correctness
proof
{t where t is Element of NAT: 0<=t<=T} c= REAL
proof
let q be object;
assume q in {t where t is Element of NAT: 0<=t<=T}; then
consider q1 being Element of NAT such that C1: q=q1 & (0<=q1 & q1<=T);
thus thesis by NUMBERS:19,C1;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
registration
let T be Nat;
cluster StoppingSet(T) -> non empty;
correctness
proof
0 in StoppingSet(T);
hence thesis;
end;
end;
definition
let T be Nat;
func StoppingSetExt(T) -> Subset of ExtREAL equals
StoppingSet T \/ {+infty};
correctness
proof
a1:StoppingSet T c= ExtREAL by XXREAL_0:def 4,XBOOLE_0:def 3;
{+infty} c= ExtREAL by ZFMISC_1:31;
hence thesis by a1,XBOOLE_1:8;
end;
end;
registration
let T be Nat;
cluster StoppingSetExt(T) -> non empty;
coherence;
end;
reserve TFix for Element of StoppingSetExt(T);
reserve MyFunc for Filtration of StoppingSet(T),Sigma;
reserve k,k1,k2 for Function of Omega,StoppingSetExt(T);
definition
let T be Nat;
let F be Function;
let R be Relation;
pred R is_StoppingTime_wrt F,T means
for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds Coim(R,t) in F.t;
end;
definition
let Omega be non empty set;
let T be Nat;
let MyFunc be Function;
let k be Function of Omega,StoppingSetExt(T);
redefine pred k is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T means
for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=t} in MyFunc.t;
compatibility
proof
A0: dom k = Omega by FUNCT_2:def 1;
hereby
assume
A1: k is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T;
let t be Element of StoppingSet(T);
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=t} = Coim(k,t) by A0,L;
hence {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=t} in MyFunc.t by A1;
end;
assume
A2: for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=t} in MyFunc.t;
let t be Element of StoppingSet(T);
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=t} = Coim(k,t) by A0,L;
hence thesis by A2;
end;
end;
:: Alternative definition for stopping time
theorem KJK:
k is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T iff
for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=t} in MyFunc.t
proof
thus k is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T implies
for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=t} in MyFunc.t
proof
assume ASS: k is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T;
for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=t} in MyFunc.t
proof
defpred J[Nat] means
$1 in StoppingSet(T) implies
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=$1} in MyFunc.$1;
K1: {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=0}=
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=0}
proof
for q being object holds
q in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=0} iff
q in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=0}
proof
let q be object;
I1: (ex q1 being Element of Omega st q=q1 & k.q1<=0) implies
(ex q2 being Element of Omega st q=q2 & k.q2=0)
proof
given q2 being Element of Omega such that II: q=q2 & k.q2<=0;
k.q2=0
proof
per cases by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
suppose k.q2 in StoppingSet T;
then ex s being Element of NAT st k.q2=s & 0<=s & s<=T;
hence thesis by II;
end;
suppose k.q2 in {+infty};
hence thesis by II,TARSKI:def 1;
end;
end;
hence thesis by II;
end;
(ex q2 being Element of Omega st q=q2 & k.q2=0) implies
(ex q1 being Element of Omega st q=q1 & k.q1<=0);
hence thesis by I1;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
J0: J[0]
proof
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=0} in MyFunc.0
proof
0 in StoppingSet T;
hence thesis by K1,ASS;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
J1: for n being Nat st J[n] holds J[n+1]
proof
let n be Nat;
assume j1: J[n];
n+1 in StoppingSet(T) implies
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1} in MyFunc.(n+1)
proof
assume ASSJ10: n+1 in StoppingSet(T);
J10: {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1} =
({w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n} \/
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=n+1})
proof
for x being object holds
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1} iff
x in ({w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n} \/
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=n+1})
proof
let x be object;
thus x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1} implies
x in ({w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n} \/
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=n+1})
proof
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1}; then
consider w being Element of Omega such that XX: x=w & k.w<=n+1;
set KW=k.w;
per cases by XX;
suppose x=w & k.w<=n;
then x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n};
hence thesis by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
end;
suppose S1:x=w & not k.w<=n;
k.w=n+1
proof
k.w is Element of NAT or k.w=+infty
proof
k.w in StoppingSet T or k.w in {+infty} by XBOOLE_0:def 3; then
per cases by TARSKI:def 1;
suppose k.w=+infty; hence thesis; end;
suppose k.w in StoppingSet T;
then ex q being Element of NAT st k.w=q & 0<=q<=T;
hence thesis;
end;
end; then
reconsider KW as Element of NAT by NUMBERS:19,XX,XXREAL_0:9;
per cases by XX,NAT_1:8;
suppose KW<=n; hence thesis by S1; end;
suppose KW=n+1; hence thesis; end;
end;
then x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=n+1} by XX;
hence thesis by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
end;
end;
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n} \/
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=n+1};
then per cases by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
suppose JP:x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n};
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1}
proof
consider q being Element of Omega such that Q1:x=q & k.q<=n by JP;
set KJ=k.q;
KJ is Element of NAT or KJ=+infty
proof
k.q in StoppingSet T or k.q in {+infty}
by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
then per cases by TARSKI:def 1;
suppose k.q=+infty; hence thesis; end;
suppose k.q in StoppingSet T;
then ex q1 being Element of NAT st k.q=q1 & 0<=q1 & q1<=T;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
then reconsider KJ as Element of NAT
by XREAL_0:def 1,Q1,XXREAL_0:9;
KJ<=n implies KJ<=n+1 by NAT_1:12;
hence thesis by Q1;
end;
hence thesis; end;
suppose JP:x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=n+1};
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1}
proof
ex q being Element of Omega st x=q & k.q=n+1 by JP;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis; end;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
reconsider n as Element of NAT by ORDINAL1:def 12;
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n} \/
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=n+1} in MyFunc.(n+1)
proof
set A={w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n};
set B={w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=n+1};
set C=MyFunc.(n+1);
reconsider C as SigmaField of Omega by ASSJ10,KOLMOG01:def 2;
n in StoppingSet T
proof
consider t being Element of NAT such that
Y20: n+1=t & 0<=t & t<=T by ASSJ10;
0<=n & n<=T by Y20,NAT_1:13;
hence thesis;
end; then
reconsider n as Element of StoppingSet(T);
h2: A is Element of C
proof
for x being set holds x in MyFunc.n implies x in MyFunc.(n+1)
proof
MyFunc.n is Subset of MyFunc.(n+1) by FINANCE3:def 9,NAT_1:12,ASSJ10;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis by j1;
end;
B is Event of C by ASSJ10,ASS; then
A\/B is Event of C by h2,PROB_1:21;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis by J10;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
Q1: for n being Nat holds J[n] from NAT_1:sch 2(J0,J1);
for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=t} in MyFunc.t
proof
let t be Element of StoppingSet(T);
t in StoppingSet T; then
ex s being Element of NAT st t=s & 0<=s<=T;
hence thesis by Q1;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
assume ASSJ1: for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=t} in MyFunc.t;
for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=t} in MyFunc.t
proof
let t be Element of StoppingSet(T);
defpred J[Nat] means
($1+1) in StoppingSet(T) implies
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<$1+1} in MyFunc.($1+1);
J01: J[0]
proof
(0+1) in StoppingSet(T) implies
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<0+1} in MyFunc.(0+1)
proof
assume ASS: 0+1 in StoppingSet(T);
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<0+1} in MyFunc.(0+1)
proof
H1: {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=0} =
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<0+1}
proof
for x being object holds
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=0} iff
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<0+1}
proof
let x be object;
thus x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=0} implies
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<0+1}
proof
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=0}; then
consider w1 being Element of Omega such that
W1: x=w1 & k.w1<=0;
thus thesis by W1;
end;
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<0+1};
then consider w1 being Element of Omega such that
W1: x=w1 & k.w1<0+1;
set KWJ=k.w1;
KWJ is Element of NAT or KWJ=+infty
proof
k.w1 in StoppingSet T or k.w1 in {+infty}
by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
then per cases by TARSKI:def 1;
suppose k.w1=+infty; hence thesis; end;
suppose k.w1 in StoppingSet T;
then ex q1 being Element of NAT st k.w1=q1 & 0<=q1<=T;
hence thesis;
end;
end; then
reconsider KWJ as Nat by NUMBERS:19,W1,XXREAL_0:9;
KWJ<=0 by NAT_1:13,W1;
hence thesis by W1;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
T1: 0 in StoppingSet(T); then
reconsider JA = 0 as Element of StoppingSet(T);
reconsider JB = 0 + 1 as Element of StoppingSet(T) by ASS;
h2: MyFunc.JA is Subset of MyFunc.JB by FINANCE3:def 9;
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=0} in MyFunc.0 by ASSJ1,T1;
hence thesis by H1,h2;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
J11: for n being Nat st J[n] holds J[n+1]
proof
let n be Nat;
assume J[n];
(n+1)+1 in StoppingSet(T) implies
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<(n+1)+1} in MyFunc.((n+1)+1)
proof
assume N01: (n+1)+1 in StoppingSet(T);
M10: {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<(n+1)+1}=
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1}
proof
for x being object holds
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<(n+1)+1} iff
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1}
proof
let x be object;
thus x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<(n+1)+1} implies
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1}
proof
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<(n+1)+1};
then consider w being Element of Omega such that
F11: x=w & k.w<(n+1)+1;
set KW=k.w;
a1: k.w in StoppingSet T
proof
(n+1)+1 in REAL by NUMBERS:19; then
k.w < +infty by F11,XXREAL_0:2,XXREAL_0:9; then
not k.w in {+infty} by TARSKI:def 1;
hence thesis by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
end;
consider w2 being Element of NAT such that
L21: KW=w2 & 0<=w2<=T by a1;
KW<(n+1)+1 iff KW<=n+1 by NAT_1:13,L21;
hence thesis by F11;
end;
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=n+1};
then consider w3 being Element of Omega such that
QZ1: x=w3 & k.w3<=n+1;
set KW=k.w3;
k.w3 in StoppingSet T
proof
not k.w3 in {+infty}
proof
n+1 < +infty by XXREAL_0:9,NUMBERS:19;
hence thesis by TARSKI:def 1,QZ1;
end;
hence thesis by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
end; then
consider w2 being Element of NAT such that
L21: k.w3=w2 & 0<=w2<=T;
KW<(n+1)+1 by QZ1,NAT_1:13,L21;
hence thesis by QZ1;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
s1: n+1 in StoppingSet(T)
proof
consider w3 being Element of NAT such that
QZ10: w3=(n+1)+1 & 0<=w3 & w3<=T by N01;
n+1=0
proof
k.w in StoppingSet T or k.w in {+infty} by XBOOLE_0:def 3; then
per cases by TARSKI:def 1;
suppose k.w in StoppingSet T;
then ex t being Element of NAT st t=k.w & 0<=t<=T;
hence thesis;
end;
suppose k.w=+infty;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
hence thesis by TT;
end;
reconsider M as SigmaField of Omega;
{} is Element of M by PROB_1:22;
hence thesis by s2,S1;
end;
suppose t>0; then
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<(t-1)+1} is Element
of MyFunc.((t-1)+1) by Q1;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
hence thesis by QH1,PROB_1:24;
end;
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w<=t} \
{w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=t implies k.w1=t
proof
assume Q0: k.w1<=t & k.w1>=t;
set W=k.w1;
W in StoppingSet T or W in {+infty} by XBOOLE_0:def 3; then
(ex w3 being Element of NAT st w3=W & 0<=w3 & w3<=T) or
W=+infty by TARSKI:def 1;
then reconsider W as Nat by JJJ1,XXREAL_0:9;
W+1>t by NAT_1:13,Q0;
hence thesis by Q0,NAT_1:22;
end;
hence thesis by JJJ1,JJJ;
end;
hence thesis by JJJ1;
end;
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k.w=t};
then consider w being Element of Omega such that
W1: x=w & k.w=t;
(ex w1 being Element of Omega st x=w1 & k.w1<=t) &
(not ex w1 being Element of Omega st x=w1 & k.w1TFix is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T
proof
set const = Omega --> TFix;
for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: const.w=t} in MyFunc.t
proof
let t be Element of StoppingSet(T);
per cases;
suppose S0: t=TFix;
C1: {w where w is Element of Omega: const.w=t}=Omega
proof
for x being object holds
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: const.w=t} iff x in Omega
proof
let x be object;
thus x in {w where w is Element of Omega: const.w=t} implies x in Omega
proof
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: const.w=t};
then consider s being Element of Omega such that E1: s=x & const.s=t;
thus thesis by E1;
end;
assume x in Omega; then
consider y being Element of Omega such that
F10: y=x & y in Omega;
y in Omega implies t=const.y by FUNCOP_1:7,S0;
hence thesis by F10;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
MyFunc.t is SigmaField of Omega by KOLMOG01:def 2;
hence thesis by C1,PROB_1:5;
end;
suppose S1: t<>TFix;
c1: {w where w is Element of Omega: const.w=t} c= {}
proof
let x be object;
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: const.w=t};
then ex s being Element of Omega st s=x & const.s=t;
then consider s being Element of Omega such that
E1: s=x & const.s<>TFix by S1;
thus thesis by E1,FUNCOP_1:7;
end;
MyFunc.t is SigmaField of Omega by KOLMOG01:def 2; then
{} in MyFunc.t by PROB_1:4;
hence thesis by c1;
end;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
definition
let Omega,T,k1,k2;
func max(k1,k2) -> Function of Omega,ExtREAL means :Def20:
for w being Element of Omega holds it.w = max(k1.w,k2.w);
existence
proof
deffunc U(Element of Omega)=In(max(k1.$1,k2.$1),ExtREAL);
consider f being Function of Omega,ExtREAL such that
A1: for w being Element of Omega holds f.w = U(w) from FUNCT_2:sch 4;
take f;
let n be Element of Omega;
In(max(k1.n,k2.n),ExtREAL) = max(k1.n,k2.n);
hence thesis by A1;
end;
uniqueness
proof
let f1,f2 be Function of Omega,ExtREAL;
assume that
A2: for w being Element of Omega holds f1.w = max(k1.w,k2.w) and
A3: for w being Element of Omega holds f2.w = max(k1.w,k2.w);
let w be Element of Omega;
f2.w = In(max(k1.w,k2.w),ExtREAL) by A3;
hence thesis by A2;
end;
end;
definition
let Omega,T,k1,k2;
func min(k1,k2) -> Function of Omega,ExtREAL means :Def21:
for w being Element of Omega holds it.w=min(k1.w,k2.w);
existence
proof
deffunc U(Element of Omega)=In(min(k1.$1,k2.$1),ExtREAL);
consider f being Function of Omega,ExtREAL such that
A1: for w being Element of Omega holds f.w = U(w) from FUNCT_2:sch 4;
take f;
let n be Element of Omega;
f.n = In(min(k1.n,k2.n),ExtREAL) by A1;
hence thesis;
end;
uniqueness
proof
let f1,f2 be Function of Omega,ExtREAL;
assume that
A2: for w being Element of Omega holds f1.w = min(k1.w,k2.w) and
A3: for w being Element of Omega holds f2.w = min(k1.w,k2.w);
let w be Element of Omega;
f2.w = min(k1.w,k2.w) by A3;
hence thesis by A2;
end;
end;
theorem
k1 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T & k2 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T implies
ex k3 being Function of Omega,StoppingSetExt(T) st k3=max(k1,k2) &
k3 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T
proof
assume ASS: k1 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T & k2 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T;
set k3=max(k1,k2);
k3 is Function of Omega,StoppingSetExt(T)
proof
rng k3 c= StoppingSetExt(T)
proof
let x be object;
assume x in rng k3; then
consider x2 being object such that
C1: x2 in dom k3 & x = k3.x2 by FUNCT_1:def 3;
O1: x2 in Omega by C1;
x2 in dom k1 by O1,FUNCT_2:def 1; then
ZW1: k1.x2 in rng k1 by FUNCT_1:3;
x2 in dom k2 by O1,FUNCT_2:def 1; then
ZW2: k2.x2 in rng k2 by FUNCT_1:3;
max(k1.x2,k2.x2) in StoppingSetExt(T)
proof
per cases;
suppose k2.x2 <= k1.x2;
then k1.x2=max(k1.x2,k2.x2) by XXREAL_0:def 10;
hence thesis by ZW1;
end;
suppose not(k2.x2 <= k1.x2);
then k2.x2=max(k1.x2,k2.x2) by XXREAL_0:def 10;
hence thesis by ZW2;
end;
end;
hence thesis by Def20,C1;
end; then
k3 is Function of dom k3,StoppingSetExt(T) by FUNCT_2:2;
hence thesis by FUNCT_2:def 1;
end;
then reconsider k3 as Function of Omega,StoppingSetExt(T);
k3 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T
proof
for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: k3.w<=t} in MyFunc.t
proof
let t be Element of StoppingSet(T);
O1: {w where w is Element of Omega: k3.w<=t} =
{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t & k1.w<=t}
proof
for x being object holds
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k3.w<=t} iff
x in{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t & k1.w<=t}
proof
let x be object;
thus x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k3.w<=t} implies
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t & k1.w<=t}
proof
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k3.w<=t};
then consider w2 being Element of Omega such that R1: x=w2 & k3.w2<=t;
HHH: k3.w2=max(k1.w2,k2.w2) by Def20;
set K3=k3.w2, K1=k1.w2, K2=k2.w2;
per cases;
suppose S1: K1<=K2;
then K3=K2 by HHH,XXREAL_0:def 10;
then K2<=t & K1<=t by XXREAL_0:2,S1,R1;
hence thesis by R1;
end;
suppose S1: K1>K2;
then K3=K1 by HHH,XXREAL_0:def 10;
then K2<=t & K1<=t by XXREAL_0:2,S1,R1;
hence thesis by R1;
end;
end;
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t & k1.w<=t}; then
consider w2 being Element of Omega such that
R1: x=w2 & k2.w2<=t & k1.w2<=t;
HHH: k3.w2=max(k1.w2,k2.w2) by Def20;
k3.w2<=t by HHH,XXREAL_0:def 10,R1;
hence thesis by R1;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
O2: {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t & k1.w<=t} =
{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} /\
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t}
proof
for x being object holds
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t & k1.w<=t} iff
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} /\
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t}
proof
let x be object;
thus x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t & k1.w<=t} implies
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} /\
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t}
proof
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t & k1.w<=t}; then
consider w3 being Element of Omega such that
V2: x=w3 & k2.w3<=t & k1.w3<=t;
V3: x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} by V2;
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t} by V2;
hence thesis by V3,XBOOLE_0:def 4;
end;
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} /\
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t}; then
V0: x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} &
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t} by XBOOLE_0:def 4;
consider w3 being Element of Omega such that
V1: x=w3 & k2.w3<=t by V0;
consider w3 being Element of Omega such that
V2: x=w3 & k1.w3<=t by V0;
thus thesis by V1,V2;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} /\
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t} in MyFunc.t
proof
reconsider M = MyFunc.t as SigmaField of Omega by KOLMOG01:def 2;
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t} is Event of M &
{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} is Event of M by ASS,KJK; then
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t} /\
{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} is Event of M by PROB_1:19;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis by O2,O1;
end;
hence thesis by KJK;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem
k1 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T & k2 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T implies
ex k3 being Function of Omega,StoppingSetExt(T) st k3=min(k1,k2) &
k3 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T
proof
assume ASS: k1 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T & k2 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T;
set k3 = min(k1,k2);
k3 is Function of Omega,StoppingSetExt(T)
proof
rng k3 c= StoppingSetExt(T)
proof
let x be object;
assume x in rng k3; then
consider x2 being object such that
C1: x2 in dom k3 & x = k3.x2 by FUNCT_1:def 3;
O1: x2 in Omega by C1; then
x2 in dom k1 by FUNCT_2:def 1; then
ZW1: k1.x2 in rng k1 by FUNCT_1:3;
x2 in dom k2 by O1,FUNCT_2:def 1; then
ZW2: k2.x2 in rng k2 by FUNCT_1:3;
min(k1.x2,k2.x2) in StoppingSetExt(T)
proof
per cases;
suppose not(k2.x2 <= k1.x2);
then k1.x2=min(k1.x2,k2.x2) by XXREAL_0:def 9;
hence thesis by ZW1;
end;
suppose k2.x2 <= k1.x2;
then k2.x2=min(k1.x2,k2.x2) by XXREAL_0:def 9;
hence thesis by ZW2;
end;
end;
hence thesis by Def21,C1;
end; then
k3 is Function of dom k3,StoppingSetExt(T) by FUNCT_2:2;
hence thesis by FUNCT_2:def 1;
end;
then reconsider k3 as Function of Omega,StoppingSetExt(T);
k3 is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,T
proof
for t being Element of StoppingSet(T) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: k3.w<=t} in MyFunc.t
proof
let t be Element of StoppingSet(T);
O1: {w where w is Element of Omega: k3.w<=t} =
{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t or k1.w<=t}
proof
for x being object holds
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k3.w<=t} iff
x in{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t or k1.w<=t}
proof
let x be object;
thus x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k3.w<=t} implies
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t or k1.w<=t}
proof
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k3.w<=t};
then consider w2 being Element of Omega such that R1: x=w2 & k3.w2<=t;
HHH: k3.w2=min(k1.w2,k2.w2) by Def21;
set K3=k3.w2, K1=k1.w2, K2=k2.w2;
per cases;
suppose K1>K2;
then K3=K2 by HHH,XXREAL_0:def 9;
hence thesis by R1;
end;
suppose K1<=K2;
then K3=K1 by HHH,XXREAL_0:def 9;
hence thesis by R1;
end;
end;
assume x in{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t or k1.w<=t}; then
consider w2 being Element of Omega such that
R1: x=w2 & (k2.w2<=t or k1.w2<=t);
HHH: k3.w2=min(k1.w2,k2.w2) by Def21;
per cases by R1;
suppose S1J: k2.w2<=t;
min(k1.w2,k2.w2)<=t
proof
per cases;
suppose QS:k1.w2<=k2.w2;
then min(k1.w2,k2.w2)=k1.w2 by XXREAL_0:def 9;
hence thesis by QS,S1J,XXREAL_0:2;
end;
suppose k1.w2>k2.w2;
hence thesis by S1J,XXREAL_0:def 9;
end;
end;
hence thesis by R1,HHH;
end;
suppose S1J: k1.w2<=t;
min(k1.w2,k2.w2)<=t
proof
per cases;
suppose k1.w2<=k2.w2;
hence thesis by S1J,XXREAL_0:def 9;
end;
suppose QS: not(k1.w2<=k2.w2); then
min(k1.w2,k2.w2)=k2.w2 by XXREAL_0:def 9;
hence thesis by QS,S1J,XXREAL_0:2;
end;
end;
hence thesis by R1,HHH;
end;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
O2: {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t or k1.w<=t} =
{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} \/
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t}
proof
for x being object holds
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t or k1.w<=t} iff
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} \/
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t}
proof
let x be object;
thus x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t or k1.w<=t} implies
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} \/
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t}
proof
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t or k1.w<=t};
then consider w3 being Element of Omega such that
V2: x=w3 & (k2.w3<=t or k1.w3<=t);
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} or
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t} by V2;
hence thesis by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
end;
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} \/
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t}; then
V0: x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} or
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t} by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
(ex w3 being Element of Omega st x=w3 & k2.w3<=t) or
(ex w3 being Element of Omega st x=w3 & k1.w3<=t) by V0;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} \/
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t} in MyFunc.t
proof
reconsider M = MyFunc.t as SigmaField of Omega by KOLMOG01:def 2;
{w where w is Element of Omega: k1.w<=t} is Element of M &
{w where w is Element of Omega: k2.w<=t} is Element of M by ASS,KJK;
hence thesis by PROB_1:3;
end;
hence thesis by O2,O1;
end;
hence thesis by KJK;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
Lemma1: 1 in StoppingSetExt(2)
proof
1 in StoppingSet 2;
hence thesis by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
end;
Lemma2: 2 in StoppingSetExt(2)
proof
2 in StoppingSet 2;
hence thesis by XBOOLE_0:def 3;
end;
definition let t be object;
func Special_StoppingSet(t) -> Element of StoppingSetExt(2) equals
IFIN(t,{1,2},1,2);
correctness
proof
per cases;
suppose t in {1,2};
hence thesis by Lemma1,MATRIX_7:def 1;
end;
suppose not t in {1,2};
hence thesis by Lemma2,MATRIX_7:def 1;
end;
end;
end;
theorem
Omega = {1,2,3,4} implies
for MyFunc being Filtration of StoppingSet(2),Sigma st
MyFunc.0 = Special_SigmaField1 &
MyFunc.1 = Special_SigmaField2 &
MyFunc.2 = Trivial-SigmaField (Omega)
ex ST being Function of Omega,StoppingSetExt(2) st
ST is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,2 &
ST.1=1 & ST.2=1 & ST.3=2 & ST.4=2 &
{w where w is Element of Omega: ST.w=0} = {} &
{w where w is Element of Omega: ST.w=1} = {1,2} &
{w where w is Element of Omega: ST.w=2} = {3,4}
proof
assume
ASS0: Omega={1,2,3,4};
let MyFunc be Filtration of StoppingSet(2),Sigma;
assume
ASS2: MyFunc.0=Special_SigmaField1 &
MyFunc.1=Special_SigmaField2 &
MyFunc.2=Trivial-SigmaField(Omega);
deffunc U(Element of Omega) = Special_StoppingSet($1);
consider f being Function of Omega,StoppingSetExt(2) such that
A1: for d be Element of Omega holds f.d = U(d) from FUNCT_2:sch 4;
B1: 1 in {1,2} & 2 in {1,2} & not 3 in {1,2} & not 4 in {1,2}
by TARSKI:def 2;
take f;
A2: f.1=1 & f.2=1 & f.3=2 & f.4=2
proof
set O1=1, O2=2, O3=3, O4=4;
reconsider O1,O2,O3,O4 as Element of Omega by ASS0,ENUMSET1:def 2;
f.1=U(O1) & f.2=U(O2) & f.3=U(O3) & f.4=U(O4) by A1;
hence thesis by B1,MATRIX_7:def 1;
end;
f is_StoppingTime_wrt MyFunc,2 &
{w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=0}={} &
{w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=1}={1,2} &
{w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=2}={3,4}
proof
G1: for t being Element of StoppingSet(2) holds
{w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=t} in MyFunc.t &
(t=0 implies {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=0}={}) &
(t=1 implies {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=1}={1,2}) &
(t=2 implies {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=2}={3,4})
proof
let t be Element of StoppingSet(2);
t in StoppingSet 2; then
consider t1 being Element of NAT such that H1: t=t1 & 0<=t1 & t1<=2;
t<=1 or t=1+1 by NAT_1:9,H1; then
g2:t<=0 or t=0+1 or t=2 by NAT_1:9,H1;
{w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=t} in MyFunc.t &
(t=0 implies {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=0}={}) &
(t=1 implies {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=1}={1,2}) &
(t=2 implies {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=2}={3,4})
proof
reconsider M = MyFunc.t as SigmaField of Omega by KOLMOG01:def 2;
per cases by g2,H1;
suppose S1: t=0;
{w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=0} in M &
(t=0 implies {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=0}={})
proof
{w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=0} c= {}
proof
let y be object;
assume y in {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=0};
then ex y1 being Element of Omega st y=y1 & f.y1=0;
hence thesis by A2,ASS0,ENUMSET1:def 2;
end;
then {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=0} = {};
hence thesis by PROB_1:4;
end;
hence thesis by S1;
end;
suppose S1: t=1;
{w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=1} = {1,2}
proof
for x being object holds
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=1} iff x in {1,2}
proof
let x be object;
thus x in {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=1} implies x in {1,2}
proof
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=1};
then consider w2 being Element of Omega such that K2: x=w2 & f.w2=1;
not w2 in {1,2} implies f.w2>1
proof
assume ASSJ: not w2 in {1,2};
w2=1 or w2=2 or w2=3 or w2=4 by ASS0,ENUMSET1:def 2;
hence thesis by A2,ASSJ,TARSKI:def 2;
end;
hence thesis by K2;
end;
assume ASSJ: x in {1,2}; then
x=1 or x=2 or x=3 or x=4 by TARSKI:def 2; then
S: x in Omega by ASS0,ENUMSET1:def 2;
x=1 or x=2 by ASSJ,TARSKI:def 2;
hence thesis by S,A2;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
hence thesis by S1,ENUMSET1:def 2,ASS2;
end;
suppose S1: t=2;
S2: {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=t} = {3,4}
proof
for x being object holds
x in {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=t} iff x in {3,4}
proof
let x be object;
thus x in {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=t} implies x in {3,4}
proof
assume x in {w where w is Element of Omega: f.w=t};
then consider w2 being Element of Omega such that
K2: x=w2 & f.w2=2 by S1;
assume ASSJ: not x in {3,4};
w2=1 or w2=2 or w2=3 or w2=4 by ASS0,ENUMSET1:def 2;
hence thesis by A2,ASSJ,TARSKI:def 2,K2;
end;
assume x in {3,4}; then
T: x=3 or x=4 by TARSKI:def 2; then
x in Omega by ASS0,ENUMSET1:def 2;
hence thesis by A2,S1,T;
end;
hence thesis by TARSKI:2;
end;
{3,4} in Special_SigmaField2 &
Special_SigmaField2 c= Trivial-SigmaField({1,2,3,4}) by FINANCE3:24;
hence thesis by S2,S1,ASS2;
end;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
j1:0 in StoppingSet(2);
j2:1 in StoppingSet(2);
2 in StoppingSet(2);
hence thesis by j1,j2,G1;
end;
hence thesis by A2;
end;