:: On the Real Valued Functions
:: by Artur Korni{\l}owicz
::
:: Received December 10, 2004
:: Copyright (c) 2004-2018 Association of Mizar Users
:: (Stowarzyszenie Uzytkownikow Mizara, Bialystok, Poland).
:: This code can be distributed under the GNU General Public Licence
:: version 3.0 or later, or the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
:: License version 3.0 or later, subject to the binding interpretation
:: detailed in file COPYING.interpretation.
:: See COPYING.GPL and COPYING.CC-BY-SA for the full text of these
:: licenses, or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html and
:: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.
environ
vocabularies NUMBERS, ARYTM_3, XXREAL_0, CARD_1, RELAT_1, SQUARE_1, FUNCT_1,
TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, FUNCOP_1, ARYTM_1, SUBSET_1, ORDINAL4, VALUED_1,
COMPLEX1, PRE_TOPC, ORDINAL2, PSCOMP_1, STRUCT_0, TOPMETR, REAL_1,
RCOMP_1, PARTFUN3;
notations TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, ORDINAL1, COMPLEX1, SQUARE_1, FUNCT_1,
RELSET_1, PSCOMP_1, VALUED_1, NUMBERS, XCMPLX_0, XXREAL_0, XREAL_0,
REAL_1, FUNCOP_1, RCOMP_1, STRUCT_0, PRE_TOPC, TOPALG_2, PARTFUN3;
constructors REAL_1, SQUARE_1, COMPLEX1, RCOMP_1, FUNCOP_1, TOPALG_2,
PSCOMP_1, PARTFUN3, NUMBERS;
registrations XBOOLE_0, FUNCT_1, RELSET_1, NUMBERS, XCMPLX_0, XXREAL_0,
XREAL_0, MEMBERED, STRUCT_0, PRE_TOPC, TOPMETR, VALUED_0, FUNCT_2,
PSCOMP_1, PARTFUN3, RELAT_1;
requirements NUMERALS, BOOLE, SUBSET, REAL, ARITHM;
definitions PSCOMP_1;
equalities STRUCT_0, ORDINAL1;
theorems FUNCT_2, RELAT_1, FUNCT_1, ZFMISC_1, JGRAPH_2, XBOOLE_1, XBOOLE_0,
FUNCOP_1, TOPMETR, RFUNCT_1, XCMPLX_0, JGRAPH_3, JGRAPH_4, VALUED_1,
PARTFUN3, JORDAN5A, XREAL_0;
begin
reserve T for non empty TopSpace,
f, g for continuous RealMap of T,
r for Real;
registration
let T, f, g;
set c = the carrier of T;
reconsider F = f, G = g as continuous Function of T,R^1
by JORDAN5A:27,TOPMETR:17;
cluster f+g -> continuous for RealMap of T;
coherence
proof
consider H being Function of T,R^1 such that
A1: for p being Point of T, r1,r2 being Real st F.p = r1 & G.p
= r2 holds H.p = r1+r2 and
A2: H is continuous by JGRAPH_2:19;
reconsider h = H as RealMap of T by TOPMETR:17;
A3: dom h = c /\ c by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= c /\ dom g by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= dom f /\ dom g by FUNCT_2:def 1;
for c being object st c in dom h holds h.c = f.c + g.c by A1;
then h = f+g by A3,VALUED_1:def 1;
hence thesis by A2,JORDAN5A:27;
end;
cluster f-g -> continuous for RealMap of T;
coherence
proof
consider H being Function of T,R^1 such that
A4: for p being Point of T, r1,r2 being Real st F.p = r1 & G.p
= r2 holds H.p = r1-r2 and
A5: H is continuous by JGRAPH_2:21;
reconsider h = H as RealMap of T by TOPMETR:17;
A6: dom h = c /\ c by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= c /\ dom g by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= dom f /\ dom g by FUNCT_2:def 1;
dom (f-g) = dom f /\ dom g &
for c being object st c in dom h holds h.c =
f.c - g.c by A4,VALUED_1:12;
then h = f-g by A6,VALUED_1:14;
hence thesis by A5,JORDAN5A:27;
end;
cluster f(#)g -> continuous for RealMap of T;
coherence
proof
consider H being Function of T,R^1 such that
A7: for p being Point of T, r1,r2 being Real st F.p = r1 & G.p
= r2 holds H.p = r1*r2 and
A8: H is continuous by JGRAPH_2:25;
reconsider h = H as RealMap of T by TOPMETR:17;
A9: dom h = c /\ c by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= c /\ dom g by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= dom f /\ dom g by FUNCT_2:def 1;
for c being object st c in dom h holds h.c = f.c * g.c by A7;
then h = f(#)g by A9,VALUED_1:def 4;
hence thesis by A8,JORDAN5A:27;
end;
end;
registration
let T, f;
cluster -f -> continuous for RealMap of T;
coherence
proof
reconsider F = f as continuous Function of T,R^1 by JORDAN5A:27,TOPMETR:17;
set c = the carrier of T;
consider H being Function of T,R^1 such that
A1: for p being Point of T, r1 being Real st F.p = r1 holds H.p
= -r1 and
A2: H is continuous by JGRAPH_4:8;
reconsider h = H as RealMap of T by TOPMETR:17;
A3: dom h = c by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= dom f by FUNCT_2:def 1;
for c being object st c in dom h holds h.c = -f.c by A1;
then h = -f by A3,VALUED_1:9;
hence thesis by A2,JORDAN5A:27;
end;
end;
registration
let T, f;
cluster abs f -> continuous for RealMap of T;
coherence
proof
reconsider F = f as continuous Function of T,R^1 by JORDAN5A:27,TOPMETR:17;
set c = the carrier of T;
consider H being Function of T,R^1 such that
A1: for p being Point of T, r1 being Real st F.p = r1 holds H.p
= |.r1.| and
A2: H is continuous by JGRAPH_4:7;
reconsider h = H as RealMap of T by TOPMETR:17;
A3: dom h = c by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= dom f by FUNCT_2:def 1;
for c being object st c in dom h holds h.c = |.f.c.| by A1;
then h = abs f by A3,VALUED_1:def 11;
hence thesis by A2,JORDAN5A:27;
end;
end;
Lm1: now
let T;
let a be Element of REAL;
set c = the carrier of T;
set f = c --> a;
thus f is continuous
proof
let Y be Subset of REAL;
A1: dom f = c by FUNCT_2:def 1;
assume Y is closed;
A2: rng f = {a} by FUNCOP_1:8;
per cases;
suppose
a in Y;
then
A3: rng f c= Y by A2,ZFMISC_1:31;
f"Y = f"(rng f /\ Y) by RELAT_1:133
.= f"rng f by A3,XBOOLE_1:28
.= c by A1,RELAT_1:134
.= [#]T;
hence thesis;
end;
suppose
not a in Y;
then
A4: rng f misses Y by A2,ZFMISC_1:50;
f"Y = f"(rng f /\ Y) by RELAT_1:133
.= f"{} by A4,XBOOLE_0:def 7
.= {}T;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
end;
reconsider jj=1 as Element of REAL by XREAL_0:def 1;
registration
let T;
cluster positive-yielding continuous for RealMap of T;
existence
proof
take f = (the carrier of T) --> jj;
thus f is positive-yielding;
thus thesis by Lm1;
end;
cluster negative-yielding continuous for RealMap of T;
existence
proof
take f = (the carrier of T) --> -jj;
thus f is negative-yielding;
thus thesis by Lm1;
end;
end;
registration
let T;
let f be nonnegative-yielding continuous RealMap of T;
cluster sqrt f -> continuous for RealMap of T;
coherence
proof
reconsider F = f as continuous Function of T,R^1 by JORDAN5A:27,TOPMETR:17;
set c = the carrier of T;
for q being Point of T ex r being Real st f.q = r & r >= 0
proof
let q be Point of T;
take f.q;
thus f.q = f.q;
dom f = c by FUNCT_2:def 1;
then f.q in rng f by FUNCT_1:def 3;
hence thesis by PARTFUN3:def 4;
end;
then consider H being Function of T,R^1 such that
A1: for p being Point of T, r1 being Real st F.p = r1 holds H.p
= sqrt r1 and
A2: H is continuous by JGRAPH_3:5;
reconsider h = H as RealMap of T by TOPMETR:17;
A3: dom h = c by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= dom f by FUNCT_2:def 1;
for c being object st c in dom h holds h.c = sqrt(f.c) by A1;
then h = sqrt f by A3,PARTFUN3:def 5;
hence thesis by A2,JORDAN5A:27;
end;
end;
registration
let T, f, r;
cluster r(#)f -> continuous for RealMap of T;
coherence
proof
reconsider F = f as continuous Function of T,R^1 by JORDAN5A:27,TOPMETR:17;
set c = the carrier of T;
consider H being Function of T,R^1 such that
A1: for p being Point of T, r1 being Real st F.p = r1 holds H.p
= r*r1 and
A2: H is continuous by JGRAPH_2:23;
reconsider h = H as RealMap of T by TOPMETR:17;
A3: dom h = c by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= dom f by FUNCT_2:def 1;
for c being object st c in dom h holds h.c = r * f.c by A1;
then h = r(#)f by A3,VALUED_1:def 5;
hence thesis by A2,JORDAN5A:27;
end;
end;
registration
let T;
let f be non-empty continuous RealMap of T;
cluster f^ -> continuous for RealMap of T;
coherence
proof
reconsider F = f as continuous Function of T,R^1 by JORDAN5A:27,TOPMETR:17;
set c = the carrier of T;
for q being Point of T holds f.q <> 0
proof
let q be Point of T;
dom f = c by FUNCT_2:def 1;
hence thesis;
end;
then consider H being Function of T,R^1 such that
A1: for p being Point of T, r1 being Real st F.p = r1 holds H.p
= 1/r1 and
A2: H is continuous by JGRAPH_2:26;
reconsider h = H as RealMap of T by TOPMETR:17;
A3: now
let a be object;
assume a in dom h;
hence h.a = 1/f.a by A1
.= 1 * (f.a)" by XCMPLX_0:def 9
.= (f.a)";
end;
dom h = c by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= dom f \ f"{0} by FUNCT_2:def 1;
then h = f^ by A3,RFUNCT_1:def 2;
hence thesis by A2,JORDAN5A:27;
end;
end;
registration
let T, f;
let g be non-empty continuous RealMap of T;
cluster f/g -> continuous for RealMap of T;
coherence
proof
reconsider F = f, G = g as continuous Function of T,R^1 by JORDAN5A:27
,TOPMETR:17;
set c = the carrier of T;
for q being Point of T holds g.q <> 0
proof
let q be Point of T;
dom g = c by FUNCT_2:def 1;
hence thesis;
end;
then consider H being Function of T,R^1 such that
A1: for p being Point of T, r1,r2 being Real st F.p = r1 & G.p
= r2 holds H.p = r1/r2 and
A2: H is continuous by JGRAPH_2:27;
reconsider h = H as RealMap of T by TOPMETR:17;
A3: now
let c be object;
assume c in dom h;
hence h.c = f.c / g.c by A1
.= f.c * (g.c)" by XCMPLX_0:def 9;
end;
dom h = c /\ c by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= c /\ dom g by FUNCT_2:def 1
.= dom f /\ (dom g \ g"{0}) by FUNCT_2:def 1;
then h = f/g by A3,RFUNCT_1:def 1;
hence thesis by A2,JORDAN5A:27;
end;
end;