:: Topological Interpretation of Rough Sets
:: by Adam Grabowski
::
:: Received March 31, 2014
:: Copyright (c) 2014-2016 Association of Mizar Users
:: (Stowarzyszenie Uzytkownikow Mizara, Bialystok, Poland).
:: This code can be distributed under the GNU General Public Licence
:: version 3.0 or later, or the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
:: License version 3.0 or later, subject to the binding interpretation
:: detailed in file COPYING.interpretation.
:: See COPYING.GPL and COPYING.CC-BY-SA for the full text of these
:: licenses, or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html and
:: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/.
environ
vocabularies SUBSET_1, PRE_TOPC, SETFAM_1, STRUCT_0, TARSKI, ZFMISC_1,
XBOOLE_0, FUNCT_1, RELAT_1, RCOMP_1, XXREAL_0, CARD_1, QC_LANG1,
ORDERS_2, WAYBEL_9, TOPS_1, FINSUB_1, ROUGHS_4, BINOP_1, WAYBEL_1,
COHSP_1, ROUGHS_1, ROUGHS_2, ISOMICHI, FRECHET2, FRECHET, KURATO_1,
ARYTM_1, TDLAT_3;
notations TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, ZFMISC_1, SUBSET_1, ORDINAL1, NUMBERS, XXREAL_0,
SETFAM_1, RELAT_1, FUNCT_1, RELSET_1, PARTFUN1, FINSUB_1, XXREAL_2,
XXREAL_3, CARD_1, ENUMSET1, BINOP_1, FUNCT_2, FUNCT_3, XCMPLX_0, XREAL_0,
NAT_1, RCOMP_1, FUNCOP_1, FINSEQ_1, STRUCT_0, PRE_TOPC, ORDERS_2,
EQREL_1, TOPMETR, COHSP_1, TOPS_1, TDLAT_2, WAYBEL_9, ROUGHS_1, ROUGHS_2,
ISOMICHI, FRECHET, FRECHET2, KURATO_1, TDLAT_3;
constructors SETFAM_1, PARTFUN1, FUNCT_3, XXREAL_0, XREAL_0, NAT_1, MEMBERED,
XXREAL_1, XXREAL_2, XXREAL_3, FINSEQ_1, CONNSP_1, RELSET_1, NUMBERS,
BINOP_1, COHSP_1, TDLAT_2, FUNCOP_1, ORDERS_2, FINSUB_1, EQREL_1,
PCOMPS_1, PCOMPS_2, ROUGHS_1, ROUGHS_2, WAYBEL_9, TDLAT_3, TOPS_1,
ISOMICHI, FRECHET, FRECHET2, KURATO_1, TOPMETR, RCOMP_1, MEASURE6;
registrations XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, RELSET_1, FUNCT_2, STRUCT_0, PRE_TOPC,
XREAL_0, FINSEQ_1, RELAT_1, FUNCT_1, ORDINAL1, NAT_1, TOPS_1, ORDERS_2,
ROUGHS_1, ROUGHS_2, WAYBEL_9, PROB_1, ISOMICHI, FRECHET, KURATO_1,
TDLAT_3, FINSET_1, YELLOW_3, TOPMETR, XXREAL_0;
requirements NUMERALS, BOOLE, SUBSET, ARITHM;
definitions TARSKI, FINSUB_1, ISOMICHI, TDLAT_3, ROUGHS_2;
equalities STRUCT_0, SUBSET_1, KURATO_1, ISOMICHI, TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, RELAT_1,
FUNCT_2, ROUGHS_1;
expansions TARSKI, XBOOLE_0, SUBSET_1, STRUCT_0, RELAT_1, FUNCT_2, ROUGHS_1,
WAYBEL_9, FINSUB_1, ISOMICHI, TDLAT_3, ROUGHS_2;
theorems XBOOLE_1, PRE_TOPC, ZFMISC_1, SETFAM_1, TOPS_1, ROUGHS_1, ROUGHS_2,
FUNCT_1, TARSKI, MEASURE1, ISOMICHI, FRECHET2, FRECHET, KURATO_1,
ENUMSET1, CARD_2;
schemes FRAENKEL, SUBSET_1, XBOOLE_0, FUNCT_2;
begin :: Preliminaries
theorem Lemma:
for T being set, F being Subset-Family of T holds
F = { B where B is Subset of T : B in F }
proof
let T be set, F be Subset-Family of T;
A1: F c= { B where B is Subset of T : B in F };
{ B where B is Subset of T : B in F } c= F
proof
let x be object;
assume x in { B where B is Subset of T : B in F }; then
ex B being Subset of T st x = B & B in F;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis by A1;
end;
definition
let f be Function;
let A be set;
attr A is f-closed means
A = f.A;
end;
definition let X be set, F be Subset-Family of X;
redefine attr F is cap-closed means
for a,b being Subset of X st a in F & b in F holds a /\ b in F;
compatibility;
end;
definition let X be set;
let F be Subset-Family of X;
attr F is union-closed means
for a being Subset-Family of X st a c= F holds union a in F;
end;
definition let X be set;
let F be Subset-Family of X;
attr F is topology-like means :TLDef:
{} in F & X in F & F is union-closed cap-closed;
end;
registration let X be set;
cluster topology-like for Subset-Family of X;
existence
proof
reconsider F = {{}X,[#]X} as Subset-Family of X by MEASURE1:2;
take F;
for a being Subset-Family of X st a c= F holds union a in F
proof
let a be Subset-Family of X;
assume a c= F; then
a = {} or a = {X} or a = {{},X} or a = {{}} by ZFMISC_1:36; then
union a = {} or union a = X or union a = {} \/ X or union a = {}
by ZFMISC_1:75,ZFMISC_1:25,2;
hence thesis by TARSKI:def 2;
end; then
F is union-closed;
hence thesis by TARSKI:def 2;
end;
end;
begin :: Maps
definition let X be set;
let f be Function of bool X, bool X;
attr f is extensive means
for A being Subset of X holds A c= f.A;
attr f is intensive means
for A being Subset of X holds f.A c= A;
attr f is idempotent means
for A being Subset of X holds f.(f.A) = f.A;
attr f is c=-monotone means
for A,B being Subset of X st A c= B holds f.A c= f.B;
attr f is \/-preserving means
for A,B being Subset of X holds f.(A \/ B) = f.A \/ f.B;
attr f is /\-preserving means
for A,B being Subset of X holds f.(A /\ B) = f.A /\ f.B;
end;
definition let X be set,
O be Function of bool X, bool X;
attr O is preclosure means :: Cech preclosure axioms
O is extensive \/-preserving empty-preserving;
attr O is closure means :: Kuratowski closure axioms
O is extensive idempotent \/-preserving empty-preserving;
attr O is preinterior means :: Kuratowski interior axioms
O is intensive /\-preserving universe-preserving;
attr O is interior means :: Kuratowski interior axioms
O is intensive idempotent /\-preserving universe-preserving;
end;
registration let X be set;
cluster \/-preserving -> c=-monotone for Function of bool X, bool X;
coherence
proof
let f be Function of bool X, bool X;
assume
A1: f is \/-preserving;
let A, B be Subset of X;
assume A c= B; then
A \/ B = B by XBOOLE_1:12; then
f.A \/ f.B = f.B by A1;
hence thesis by XBOOLE_1:7;
end;
cluster /\-preserving -> c=-monotone for Function of bool X, bool X;
coherence
proof
let f be Function of bool X, bool X;
assume
A1: f is /\-preserving;
let A, B be Subset of X;
assume A c= B; then
A /\ B = A by XBOOLE_1:28; then
f.A /\ f.B = f.A by A1;
hence thesis by XBOOLE_1:17;
end;
end;
:: preclosure implies monotonicity
:: Cl_Seq from FRECHET2 is important example of preclosure
registration let X be set;
cluster id bool X -> closure for Function of bool X, bool X;
coherence
proof
set f = id bool X;
reconsider f as Function of bool X, bool X;
A1: f is idempotent;
A2: f is extensive;
{} c= X; then
A3: f is empty-preserving by FUNCT_1:17;
f is \/-preserving;
hence thesis by A1,A2,A3;
end;
cluster id bool X -> interior for Function of bool X, bool X;
coherence
proof
set f = id bool X;
reconsider f as Function of bool X, bool X;
A1: f is idempotent;
A2: f is intensive;
X in bool X by ZFMISC_1:def 1; then
A3: f is universe-preserving by FUNCT_1:17;
f is /\-preserving;
hence thesis by A1,A2,A3;
end;
end;
registration let X be set;
cluster closure interior for Function of bool X, bool X;
existence
proof
set f = id bool X;
f is closure interior;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
registration let X be set;
cluster closure -> preclosure for Function of bool X, bool X;
coherence;
end;
begin :: Structural Part
definition let T be 1-sorted;
mode map of T is Function of bool the carrier of T, bool the carrier of T;
end;
definition
struct (1-sorted) 1stOpStr
(# carrier -> set,
FirstOp -> Function of bool the carrier, bool the carrier #);
end;
definition
struct (1-sorted) 2ndOpStr
(# carrier -> set,
SecondOp -> Function of bool the carrier, bool the carrier #);
end;
definition
struct (1stOpStr, 2ndOpStr) TwoOpStruct
(# carrier -> set,
FirstOp, SecondOp ->
Function of bool the carrier, bool the carrier #);
end;
definition let X be 1stOpStr;
attr X is with_closure means :CDef:
the FirstOp of X is closure;
attr X is with_preclosure means
the FirstOp of X is preclosure;
end;
registration let T be TopSpace;
cluster ClMap T -> closure;
coherence
proof
set f = ClMap T;
A1: f.{}T = Cl {}T by ROUGHS_2:def 15 .= {}T by PRE_TOPC:22;
f. [#]T = Cl [#]T by ROUGHS_2:def 15 .= [#]T by PRE_TOPC:22; then
A2: f is empty-preserving universe-preserving by A1;
for A being Subset of T holds A c= f.A
proof
let A be Subset of T;
A c= Cl A by PRE_TOPC:18;
hence thesis by ROUGHS_2:def 15;
end; then
A3: f is extensive;
A4: f is idempotent
proof
for A being Subset of T holds f.A = f.(f.A)
proof
let A be Subset of T;
f.A = Cl Cl A by ROUGHS_2:def 15
.= f.Cl A by ROUGHS_2:def 15
.= f.(f.A) by ROUGHS_2:def 15;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
for A,B being Subset of T holds f.(A \/ B) = f.A \/ f.B
proof
let A,B be Subset of T;
f.(A \/ B) = Cl (A \/ B) by ROUGHS_2:def 15
.= Cl A \/ Cl B by PRE_TOPC:20
.= f.A \/ Cl B by ROUGHS_2:def 15
.= f.A \/ f.B by ROUGHS_2:def 15;
hence thesis;
end; then
f is \/-preserving;
hence thesis by A2,A3,A4;
end;
cluster IntMap T -> interior;
coherence
proof
set f = IntMap T;
A1: f.{}T = Int {}T by ROUGHS_2:def 16 .= {}T;
f. [#]T = Int [#]T by ROUGHS_2:def 16 .= [#]T by TOPS_1:15; then
A2: f is empty-preserving universe-preserving by A1;
for A being Subset of T holds f.A c= A
proof
let A be Subset of T;
Int A c= A by TOPS_1:16;
hence thesis by ROUGHS_2:def 16;
end; then
A3: f is intensive;
A4: f is idempotent
proof
for A being Subset of T holds f.A = f.(f.A)
proof
let A be Subset of T;
f.A = Int Int A by ROUGHS_2:def 16
.= f.Int A by ROUGHS_2:def 16
.= f.(f.A) by ROUGHS_2:def 16;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
for A,B being Subset of T holds f.(A /\ B) = f.A /\ f.B
proof
let A,B be Subset of T;
f.(A /\ B) = Int (A /\ B) by ROUGHS_2:def 16
.= Int A /\ Int B by TOPS_1:17
.= f.A /\ Int B by ROUGHS_2:def 16
.= f.A /\ f.B by ROUGHS_2:def 16;
hence thesis;
end; then
f is /\-preserving;
hence thesis by A2,A3,A4;
end;
end;
registration
cluster with_closure non empty for 1stOpStr;
existence
proof
set C = the non empty set;
set f = the closure Function of bool C, bool C;
take 1stOpStr (#C, f#);
thus thesis;
end;
end;
registration
cluster with_closure -> with_preclosure for 1stOpStr;
coherence;
end;
definition let X be 1stOpStr;
let A be Subset of X;
attr A is op-closed means
A = (the FirstOp of X).A;
end;
definition let X be 1stOpStr;
attr X is with_op-closed_subsets means :OCS:
ex A being Subset of X st A is op-closed;
end;
registration
cluster with_op-closed_subsets for 1stOpStr;
existence
proof
set C = id bool {};
reconsider C as Function of bool {}, bool {};
take T = 1stOpStr (#{},C#);
T is with_op-closed_subsets
proof
{} c= {}; then
reconsider CC = {}C as Subset of T;
CC is op-closed;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
registration let X be with_op-closed_subsets 1stOpStr;
cluster op-closed for Subset of X;
existence by OCS;
end;
definition let X be 2ndOpStr;
let A be Subset of X;
attr A is op-open means
A = (the SecondOp of X).A;
end;
definition let X be 2ndOpStr;
attr X is with_op-open_subsets means :OOS:
ex A being Subset of X st A is op-open;
end;
registration
cluster with_op-open_subsets for 2ndOpStr;
existence
proof
set C = id bool {};
reconsider C as Function of bool {}, bool {};
take T = 2ndOpStr (#{},C#);
T is with_op-open_subsets
proof
{} c= {}; then
reconsider CC = {}C as Subset of T;
CC is op-open;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
registration let X be with_op-open_subsets 2ndOpStr;
cluster op-open for Subset of X;
existence by OOS;
end;
definition let X be 2ndOpStr;
attr X is with_interior means
the SecondOp of X is interior;
attr X is with_preinterior means
the SecondOp of X is preinterior;
end;
registration
cluster with_closure with_interior for TwoOpStruct;
existence
proof
set C = the non empty set;
set f = the closure Function of bool C, bool C;
set g = the interior Function of bool C, bool C;
take TwoOpStruct (#C, f, g#);
thus thesis;
end;
end;
begin :: Merging with Topologies
definition
struct (1stOpStr,TopStruct) 1TopStruct
(# carrier -> set,
FirstOp -> Function of bool the carrier, bool the carrier,
topology -> Subset-Family of the carrier #);
end;
definition
struct (2ndOpStr,TopStruct) 2TopStruct
(# carrier -> set,
SecondOp -> Function of bool the carrier, bool the carrier,
topology -> Subset-Family of the carrier #);
end;
registration
cluster non empty strict for 1TopStruct;
existence
proof
set EX = the non empty TopStruct;
set C = the carrier of EX;
set T = the topology of EX;
set F = the Function of bool C, bool C;
take TT = 1TopStruct(#C,F,T#);
thus thesis;
end;
end;
registration
cluster non empty strict for 2TopStruct;
existence
proof
set EX = the non empty TopStruct;
set C = the carrier of EX;
set T = the topology of EX;
set F = the Function of bool C, bool C;
take TT = 2TopStruct(#C,F,T#);
thus thesis;
end;
end;
definition let T be 1TopStruct;
attr T is with_properly_defined_topology means :PDT:
for x being object holds
x in the topology of T iff
ex S being Subset of T st S` = x & S is op-closed;
end;
definition let T be 2TopStruct;
attr T is with_properly_defined_Topology means :PDTo:
for x being object holds
x in the topology of T iff
ex S being Subset of T st S = x & S is op-open;
end;
registration
cluster with_closure with_properly_defined_topology for 1TopStruct;
existence
proof
set EX = the TopSpace;
set C = the carrier of EX;
set T = the topology of EX;
set F = ClMap EX;
take TT = 1TopStruct(#C,F,T#);
for x being object holds
x in the topology of TT iff
ex S being Subset of TT st S` = x & S is op-closed
proof
let x be object;
thus x in the topology of TT implies
ex S being Subset of TT st S` = x & S is op-closed
proof
assume
E1: x in the topology of TT; then
reconsider X = x as Subset of TT;
reconsider Y = X as Subset of EX;
Y is open by E1,PRE_TOPC:def 2; then
Cl (Y`) = Y` by PRE_TOPC:22; then
E5: X` is op-closed by ROUGHS_2:def 15;
X`` = x;
hence thesis by E5;
end;
assume ex S being Subset of TT st S` = x & S is op-closed; then
consider S being Subset of TT such that
F1: S` = x & S is op-closed;
reconsider SS = S as Subset of EX;
F.SS = Cl SS by ROUGHS_2:def 15;
hence thesis by F1,PRE_TOPC:def 2;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
cluster with_interior with_properly_defined_Topology for 2TopStruct;
existence
proof
set EX = the TopSpace;
set C = the carrier of EX;
set T = the topology of EX;
set F = IntMap EX;
take TT = 2TopStruct(#C,F,T#);
for x being object holds
x in the topology of TT iff
ex S being Subset of TT st S = x & S is op-open
proof
let x be object;
thus x in the topology of TT implies
ex S being Subset of TT st S = x & S is op-open
proof
assume
E1: x in the topology of TT; then
reconsider X = x as Subset of TT;
reconsider Y = X as Subset of EX;
Int Y = Y by TOPS_1:23,E1,PRE_TOPC:def 2; then
X is op-open by ROUGHS_2:def 16;
hence thesis;
end;
assume ex S being Subset of TT st S = x & S is op-open; then
consider S being Subset of TT such that
F1: S = x & S is op-open;
reconsider SS = S as Subset of EX;
Int SS = SS by F1,ROUGHS_2:def 16;
hence thesis by F1,PRE_TOPC:def 2;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
theorem Lem1:
for T being with_properly_defined_topology 1TopStruct,
A being Subset of T holds
A is op-closed iff A is closed
proof
let T be with_properly_defined_topology 1TopStruct;
let A be Subset of T;
set f = the FirstOp of T;
thus A is op-closed implies A is closed
proof
assume A is op-closed; then
A` in the topology of T by PDT;
hence thesis by TOPS_1:3,PRE_TOPC:def 2;
end;
thus A is closed implies A is op-closed
proof
assume A is closed; then
A` in the topology of T by PRE_TOPC:def 2,TOPS_1:3; then
consider S being Subset of T such that
K1: S` = A` & S is op-closed by PDT;
S`` = A`` by K1;
hence thesis by K1;
end;
end;
registration
cluster with_preclosure -> TopSpace-like for
with_properly_defined_topology 1TopStruct;
coherence
proof
let T be with_properly_defined_topology 1TopStruct;
set f = the FirstOp of T;
assume T is with_preclosure; then
T1: f is preclosure;
f is empty-preserving by T1; then
{}T is op-closed; then
XX: ({}T)` in the topology of T by PDT;
s: ([#] T)` = ({} T)``;
X2: f is extensive by T1;
[#]T = f.([#]T) by X2; then
aa: ({}T)` is op-closed;
A2: for a being Subset-Family of T st a c= the topology of T holds
union a in the topology of T
proof
let a be Subset-Family of T;
assume
J0: a c= the topology of T;
reconsider ua = union a as Subset of T;
set b = COMPLEMENT a;
per cases;
suppose a = {};
hence thesis by aa,ZFMISC_1:2,s,PDT;
end;
suppose
xx: a <> {}; then
f2: ([#]the carrier of T) \ ua = meet COMPLEMENT a by SETFAM_1:33;
f3: f is extensive by T1;
f.meet b c= meet b
proof
for bb being set st bb in b holds f.meet b c= bb
proof
let bb be set;
assume
FG: bb in b;
reconsider b1 = bb as Subset of T by FG;
fh: f is c=-monotone by T1;
b1` in a by FG,SETFAM_1:def 7; then
consider F being Subset of T such that
J1: F` = b1` & F is op-closed by PDT,J0;
F`` = b1`` by J1;
hence thesis by fh,FG,SETFAM_1:3,J1;
end;
hence thesis by SETFAM_1:5,xx,SETFAM_1:32;
end; then
meet b = f.meet b by f3; then
ua` is op-closed by f2; then
ua`` in the topology of T by PDT;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
for a,b being Subset of T st a in the topology of T
& b in the topology of T holds a /\ b in the topology of T
proof
let a,b be Subset of T;
assume
Y0: a in the topology of T & b in the topology of T; then
consider A being Subset of T such that
Y1: A` = a & A is op-closed by PDT;
consider B being Subset of T such that
Y2: B` = b & B is op-closed by PDT,Y0;
zz: f is extensive \/-preserving empty-preserving by T1;
ZZ: A \/ B is op-closed by zz,Y1,Y2;
a /\ b = (A \/ B)` by XBOOLE_1:53,Y1,Y2;
hence thesis by PDT,ZZ;
end;
hence thesis by XX,A2,PRE_TOPC:def 1;
end;
end;
theorem
for T being with_properly_defined_Topology 2TopStruct,
A being Subset of T holds
A is op-open iff A is open
proof
let T be with_properly_defined_Topology 2TopStruct;
let A be Subset of T;
set f = the SecondOp of T;
thus A is op-open implies A is open
proof
assume A is op-open; then
A in the topology of T by PDTo;
hence thesis by PRE_TOPC:def 2;
end;
assume A is open; then
A in the topology of T by PRE_TOPC:def 2; then
ex S being Subset of T st S = A & S is op-open by PDTo;
hence thesis;
end;
registration
cluster with_preinterior -> TopSpace-like for
with_properly_defined_Topology 2TopStruct;
coherence
proof
let T be with_properly_defined_Topology 2TopStruct;
set f = the SecondOp of T;
assume T is with_preinterior; then
T1: f is preinterior;
f is universe-preserving by T1; then
xx: [#]T is op-open;
A1: the carrier of T in the topology of T by PDTo,xx;
A2: for a being Subset-Family of T st a c= the topology of T holds
union a in the topology of T
proof
let a be Subset-Family of T;
assume
J0: a c= the topology of T;
reconsider ua = union a as Subset of T;
set b = COMPLEMENT a;
f3: f is intensive by T1;
union a c= f.union a
proof
for bb being set st bb in a holds bb c= f.union a
proof
let bb be set;
assume
FG: bb in a;
reconsider b1 = bb as Subset of T by FG;
fh: f is c=-monotone by T1;
ex F being Subset of T st F = b1 & F is op-open by PDTo,J0,FG;
hence thesis by fh,FG,ZFMISC_1:74;
end;
hence thesis by ZFMISC_1:76;
end; then
union a = f.union a by f3; then
ua is op-open;
hence thesis by PDTo;
end;
for a,b being Subset of T st a in the topology of T
& b in the topology of T holds a /\ b in the topology of T
proof
let a,b be Subset of T;
assume
Y0: a in the topology of T & b in the topology of T; then
consider A being Subset of T such that
Y1: A = a & A is op-open by PDTo;
consider B being Subset of T such that
Y2: B = b & B is op-open by PDTo,Y0;
zz: f is intensive /\-preserving universe-preserving by T1;
A /\ B is op-open by zz,Y1,Y2;
hence thesis by PDTo,Y1,Y2;
end;
hence thesis by A1,A2,PRE_TOPC:def 1;
end;
end;
theorem
for T being with_closure with_properly_defined_topology 1TopStruct,
A being Subset of T holds
(the FirstOp of T).A = Cl A
proof
let T be with_closure with_properly_defined_topology 1TopStruct,
A be Subset of T;
set f = the FirstOp of T;
consider F being Subset-Family of T such that
A2: (for C being Subset of T holds C in F iff C is closed & A c= C) &
Cl A = meet F by PRE_TOPC:16;
B1: f is closure by CDef;
Z1: Cl A c= f.A
proof
f is idempotent by B1; then
f.A is op-closed; then
A3: f.A is closed by Lem1;
f is extensive by B1; then
f.A in F by A3,A2;
hence thesis by A2,SETFAM_1:3;
end;
f is closure by CDef; then
N2: f is c=-monotone;
defpred P[Subset of T] means $1 in F;
set G = { f.B where B is Subset of T : B in F };
deffunc T() = bool the carrier of T;
deffunc F(Element of T()) = f.$1;
deffunc G(Element of T()) = $1;
TT: for B being Element of T() st P[B] holds F(B) = G(B)
proof
let B be Subset of T;
assume B in F; then
B is op-closed by Lem1,A2;
hence thesis;
end;
{ F(B) where B is Element of T() : P[B] } =
{ G(B) where B is Element of T() : P[B] } from FRAENKEL:sch 6(TT); then
f3: F = G by Lemma;
[#]T is closed & A c= [#]T; then
j1: G <> {} by f3,A2;
for Z1 being set st Z1 in G holds f.A c= Z1
proof
let Z1 be set;
assume Z1 in G; then
ex B being Subset of T st Z1 = f.B & B in F;
hence thesis by N2,A2;
end;
hence thesis by Z1,A2,f3,j1,SETFAM_1:5;
end;
begin :: Introducing Rough Sets
registration let R be Tolerance_Space;
cluster LAp R -> preinterior;
coherence
proof
set f = LAp R;
set T = R;
A1: f.{}T = LAp {}T by ROUGHS_2:def 10 .= {}T by ROUGHS_1:18;
f. [#]T = LAp [#]T by ROUGHS_2:def 10 .= [#]T; then
A2: f is empty-preserving universe-preserving by A1;
for A being Subset of T holds f.A c= A
proof
let A be Subset of T;
LAp A c= A by ROUGHS_1:12;
hence thesis by ROUGHS_2:def 10;
end; then
A3: f is intensive;
for A,B being Subset of T holds f.(A /\ B) = f.A /\ f.B
proof
let A,B be Subset of T;
f.(A /\ B) = LAp (A /\ B) by ROUGHS_2:def 10
.= LAp A /\ LAp B by ROUGHS_1:22
.= f.A /\ LAp B by ROUGHS_2:def 10
.= f.A /\ f.B by ROUGHS_2:def 10;
hence thesis;
end; then
f is /\-preserving;
hence thesis by A2,A3;
end;
cluster UAp R -> preclosure;
coherence
proof
set f = UAp R;
set T = R;
A1: f.{}T = UAp {}T by ROUGHS_2:def 11 .= {}T;
f. [#]T = UAp [#]T by ROUGHS_2:def 11 .= [#]T by ROUGHS_1:21; then
A2: f is empty-preserving universe-preserving by A1;
for A being Subset of T holds A c= f.A
proof
let A be Subset of T;
A c= UAp A by ROUGHS_1:13;
hence thesis by ROUGHS_2:def 11;
end; then
A3: f is extensive;
for A,B being Subset of T holds f.(A \/ B) = f.A \/ f.B
proof
let A,B be Subset of T;
f.(A \/ B) = UAp (A \/ B) by ROUGHS_2:def 11
.= UAp A \/ UAp B by ROUGHS_1:23
.= f.A \/ UAp B by ROUGHS_2:def 11
.= f.A \/ f.B by ROUGHS_2:def 11;
hence thesis;
end; then
f is \/-preserving;
hence thesis by A2,A3;
end;
end;
registration let R be Approximation_Space;
cluster LAp R -> interior;
coherence
proof
set f = LAp R;
A: f is preinterior;
f is idempotent
proof
for A being Subset of R holds f.A = f.(f.A)
proof
let A be Subset of R;
f.A = LAp A by ROUGHS_2:def 10
.= LAp LAp A by ROUGHS_1:33
.= f.LAp A by ROUGHS_2:def 10
.= f.(f.A) by ROUGHS_2:def 10;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis by A;
end;
cluster UAp R -> closure;
coherence
proof
set f = UAp R;
A: f is preclosure;
f is idempotent
proof
for A being Subset of R holds f.A = f.(f.A)
proof
let A be Subset of R;
f.A = UAp A by ROUGHS_2:def 11
.= UAp UAp A by ROUGHS_1:35
.= f.UAp A by ROUGHS_2:def 11
.= f.(f.A) by ROUGHS_2:def 11;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis by A;
end;
end;
definition let X be set,
f be Function of bool X, bool X;
func GenTop f -> Subset-Family of X means :GTDef:
for x being object holds
x in it iff ex S being Subset of X st S = x & S is f-closed;
existence
proof
defpred P[set] means
ex S being Subset of X st S = $1 & S is f-closed;
consider Y being Subset of bool X such that
A1: for x being set holds
x in Y iff x in bool X & P[x] from SUBSET_1:sch 1;
take Y;
thus thesis by A1;
end;
uniqueness
proof
let A1, A2 being Subset-Family of X such that
A1: for x being object holds
x in A1 iff ex S being Subset of X st S = x & S is f-closed and
A2: for x being object holds
x in A2 iff ex S being Subset of X st S = x & S is f-closed;
defpred P[object] means
ex S being Subset of X st S = $1 & S is f-closed;
A3: for x being object holds x in A1 iff P[x] by A1;
A4: for x being object holds x in A2 iff P[x] by A2;
A1 = A2 from XBOOLE_0:sch 2(A3,A4);
hence thesis;
end;
end;
theorem ImportTop:
for X being set,
f being Function of bool X, bool X st
f is preinterior holds
GenTop f is topology-like
proof
let X be set,
f be Function of bool X, bool X;
assume
AA: f is preinterior;
set F = GenTop f;
a1: ex S being Subset of X st S = X & S is f-closed
proof
take S = [#]X;
f is universe-preserving by AA;
hence thesis;
end;
a0: ex S being Subset of X st S = {} & S is f-closed
proof
take S = {}X;
f is intensive by AA; then
f.S c= S;
hence thesis;
end;
A2: F is cap-closed
proof
let a,b be Subset of X;
assume
Y0: a in F & b in F; then
consider A being Subset of X such that
Y1: A = a & A is f-closed by GTDef;
consider B being Subset of X such that
Y2: B = b & B is f-closed by GTDef,Y0;
f is intensive /\-preserving universe-preserving by AA; then
A /\ B is f-closed by Y1,Y2;
hence thesis by GTDef,Y1,Y2;
end;
for a being Subset-Family of X st a c= F holds union a in F
proof
let a be Subset-Family of X;
assume
J0: a c= F;
reconsider ua = union a as Subset of X;
set b = COMPLEMENT a;
f3: f is intensive by AA;
union a c= f.union a
proof
for bb being set st bb in a holds bb c= f.union a
proof
let bb be set;
assume
FG: bb in a;
reconsider b1 = bb as Subset of X by FG;
fh: f is c=-monotone by AA;
consider F being Subset of X such that
J1: F = b1 & F is f-closed by GTDef,FG,J0;
thus thesis by fh,J1,FG,ZFMISC_1:74;
end;
hence thesis by ZFMISC_1:76;
end; then
union a = f.union a by f3; then
ua is f-closed;
hence thesis by GTDef;
end; then
F is union-closed;
hence thesis by a0,a1,A2,GTDef;
end;
registration let C be set,
I be (Relation of C),
f be topology-like Subset-Family of C;
cluster TopRelStr (#C,I,f#) -> TopSpace-like;
coherence
proof
set IT = TopRelStr (#C,I,f#);
A1: C in the topology of IT by TLDef;
f is cap-closed union-closed by TLDef;
hence thesis by PRE_TOPC:def 1,A1;
end;
end;
registration
cluster TopSpace-like with_equivalence non empty for TopRelStr;
existence
proof
set R = the non empty Approximation_Space;
set C = the carrier of R;
set I = the InternalRel of R;
set t = the Subset-Family of C;
set f = LAp R;
set F = GenTop f;
set EX = TopRelStr (#C,I,F#);
T1: F is topology-like by ImportTop;
EX is with_equivalence;
hence thesis by T1;
end;
end;
begin :: On Sequential Closure and Frechet Spaces
definition let T be non empty TopSpace;
func Cl_Seq T -> map of T means :SeqDef:
for A being Subset of T holds
it.A = Cl_Seq A;
existence
proof
deffunc F(Subset of T) = Cl_Seq $1;
consider f being map of T such that
A1: for A being Subset of T holds f.A = F(A) from FUNCT_2:sch 4;
take f;
let A be Subset of T;
thus thesis by A1;
end;
uniqueness
proof
let f1, f2 be map of T such that
A1: for A being Subset of T holds f1.A = Cl_Seq A and
A2: for A being Subset of T holds f2.A = Cl_Seq A;
for A being Subset of T holds f1.A = f2.A
proof
let A be Subset of T;
f1.A = Cl_Seq A by A1 .= f2.A by A2;
hence thesis;
end;
hence thesis;
end;
correctness;
end;
registration let T be non empty TopSpace;
cluster Cl_Seq T -> preclosure;
coherence
proof
set f = Cl_Seq T;
z2: f.{}T = Cl_Seq {}T by SeqDef;
z1: for A, B being Subset of T holds f.(A \/ B) = f.A \/ f.B
proof
let A, B be Subset of T;
f.(A \/ B) = Cl_Seq (A \/ B) by SeqDef
.= Cl_Seq A \/ Cl_Seq B by FRECHET2:19
.= f.A \/ Cl_Seq B by SeqDef
.= f.A \/ f.B by SeqDef;
hence thesis;
end;
for A being Subset of T holds A c= f.A
proof
let A be Subset of T;
A c= Cl_Seq A by FRECHET2:18;
hence thesis by SeqDef;
end; then
f is extensive \/-preserving empty-preserving by z1,z2,FRECHET2:17;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
registration
cluster Frechet for non empty TopSpace;
existence by FRECHET:33;
end;
registration let T be Frechet non empty TopSpace;
cluster Cl_Seq T -> closure;
coherence
proof
set f = Cl_Seq T;
for A being Subset of T holds f.(f.A) = f.A
proof
let A be Subset of T;
f.(f.A) = f.(Cl_Seq A) by SeqDef
.= Cl_Seq Cl_Seq A by SeqDef
.= Cl_Seq A by FRECHET2:21
.= f.A by SeqDef;
hence thesis;
end; then
A1: f is idempotent;
f is preclosure;
hence thesis by A1;
end;
end;
begin :: Connections between Closures and Approximations
definition let T be non empty TopRelStr;
attr T is Natural means
for x being Subset of T holds
x in the topology of T iff x is (LAp T)-closed;
end;
definition let T be non empty TopRelStr;
attr T is naturally_generated means
the topology of T = GenTop LAp T;
end;
theorem OpIsLap:
for T being non empty TopRelStr st T is naturally_generated holds
for A being Subset of T holds
A is open iff LAp A = A
proof
let T be non empty TopRelStr;
assume
A1: T is naturally_generated;
let A be Subset of T;
thus A is open implies LAp A = A
proof
assume A is open; then
A in GenTop LAp T by A1,PRE_TOPC:def 2; then
ex S being Subset of T st S = A & S is (LAp T)-closed by GTDef;
hence thesis by ROUGHS_2:def 10;
end; ::::::
assume LAp A = A; then
A is (LAp T)-closed by ROUGHS_2:def 10; then
A in GenTop LAp T by GTDef;
hence thesis by PRE_TOPC:def 2,A1;
end;
theorem Fiu:
for T being non empty TopRelStr,
R being non empty RelStr st
the RelStr of T = the RelStr of R holds
LAp T = LAp R
proof
let T be non empty TopRelStr,
R be non empty RelStr;
assume
A0: the RelStr of T = the RelStr of R;
for x being Element of bool the carrier of R holds
(LAp T).x = (LAp R).x
proof
let x be Element of bool the carrier of R;
reconsider xx = x as Subset of R;
A2: (LAp R).xx = LAp xx by ROUGHS_2:def 10;
reconsider y = x as Subset of T by A0;
(LAp T).y = LAp y by ROUGHS_2:def 10;
hence thesis by A2,A0;
end;
hence thesis by A0;
end;
theorem
for T being non empty TopRelStr,
R being non empty RelStr st
the RelStr of T = the RelStr of R holds
UAp T = UAp R
proof
let T be non empty TopRelStr,
R be non empty RelStr;
assume
A0: the RelStr of T = the RelStr of R;
for x being Element of bool the carrier of R holds
(UAp T).x = (UAp R).x
proof
let x be Element of bool the carrier of R;
reconsider xx = x as Subset of R;
A2: (UAp R).xx = UAp xx by ROUGHS_2:def 11;
reconsider y = x as Subset of T by A0;
(UAp T).y = UAp y by ROUGHS_2:def 11;
hence thesis by A2,A0;
end;
hence thesis by A0;
end;
registration
cluster Natural TopSpace-like with_equivalence for non empty TopRelStr;
existence
proof
set R = the non empty Approximation_Space;
set C = the carrier of R;
set I = the InternalRel of R;
set f = LAp R;
set F = GenTop f;
set EX = TopRelStr (#C,I,F#);
take EX;
t1: F is topology-like by ImportTop;
set T = EX;
set U = the RelStr of T;
XX: the RelStr of R = the RelStr of T;
for x being Subset of T holds
x in the topology of T iff x is (LAp T)-closed
proof
let x be Subset of T;
hereby assume x in the topology of T; then
ex S being Subset of T st S = x & S is f-closed by GTDef;
hence x is (LAp T)-closed by Fiu,XX;
end;
assume
v4: x is (LAp T)-closed;
reconsider y = x as Subset of R;
y is (LAp R)-closed by v4,Fiu,XX;
hence thesis by GTDef;
end;
hence thesis by t1;
end;
end;
registration
cluster naturally_generated -> TopSpace-like for with_equivalence
non empty TopRelStr;
coherence
proof
let R be with_equivalence non empty TopRelStr;
set f = LAp R;
set F = GenTop f;
assume
tt: R is naturally_generated;
a1: F is topology-like by ImportTop;
F is topology-like by ImportTop; then
F is cap-closed union-closed;
hence thesis by PRE_TOPC:def 1,a1,tt;
end;
end;
registration
cluster naturally_generated TopSpace-like with_equivalence for
non empty TopRelStr;
existence
proof
set R = the non empty Approximation_Space;
set C = the carrier of R;
set I = the InternalRel of R;
set F = GenTop LAp R;
set EX = TopRelStr (#C,I,F#);
take EX;
T2: EX is with_equivalence non empty;
the RelStr of R = the RelStr of EX; then
EX is naturally_generated by Fiu;
hence thesis by T2;
end;
end;
OpenLap:
for T being naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A being open Subset of T holds
LAp A = Int A
proof
let T be naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A be open Subset of T;
Int A = A by TOPS_1:23;
hence thesis by OpIsLap;
end;
registration
let T be naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr;
let A be Subset of T;
cluster LAp A -> open;
coherence
proof
LAp LAp A = LAp A by ROUGHS_1:33;
hence thesis by OpIsLap;
end;
end;
theorem LApInt:
for T being naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
LAp A = Int A
proof
let T be naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
Int A c= LAp A
proof
let x be object;
assume
A1: x in Int A; then
reconsider xx = x as set;
consider Q being Subset of T such that
A2: Q is open & Q c= A & xx in Q by TOPS_1:22,A1;
Q = Int Q by A2,TOPS_1:23; then
A3: Q = LAp Q by OpenLap;
LAp Q c= LAp A by A2,ROUGHS_1:24;
hence thesis by A2,A3;
end;
hence thesis by TOPS_1:24,ROUGHS_1:12;
end;
theorem UApCl1:
for T being naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
A is closed iff UAp A = A
proof
let T be naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
thus A is closed implies UAp A = A
proof
assume A is closed; then
Z: (LAp A`)` = A`` by OpIsLap;
(LAp A`)` = (UAp A)`` by ROUGHS_1:28 .= UAp A;
hence thesis by Z;
end;
assume
Z1: UAp A = A;
(LAp A`)` = (UAp A)`` by ROUGHS_1:28 .= UAp A;
hence thesis by Z1;
end;
registration
let T be naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
cluster UAp A -> closed;
coherence
proof
UAp UAp A = UAp A by ROUGHS_1:35;
hence thesis by UApCl1;
end;
end;
theorem UApCl:
for T being naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
UAp A = Cl A
proof
let T be naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
UAp A c= Cl A
proof
let x be object;
assume
A1: x in UAp A; then
reconsider xx = x as set;
for C being Subset of T st C is closed & A c= C holds xx in C
proof
let C be Subset of T;
assume C is closed; then
B3: UAp C = C by UApCl1;
assume A c= C; then
UAp A c= UAp C by ROUGHS_1:25;
hence thesis by B3,A1;
end;
hence thesis by PRE_TOPC:15,A1;
end;
hence thesis by TOPS_1:5,ROUGHS_1:13;
end;
theorem
for T being naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
BndAp A = Fr A
proof
let T be naturally_generated non empty with_equivalence TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
UAp A = Cl A & Int A = LAp A by UApCl,LApInt;
hence thesis;
end;
registration
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr;
let A be Subset of T;
identify Int A with LAp A;
correctness by LApInt;
identify Cl A with UAp A;
correctness by UApCl;
identify LAp A with Int A;
correctness;
identify UAp A with Cl A;
correctness;
identify BndAp A with Fr A;
correctness;
identify Fr A with BndAp A;
correctness;
end;
begin :: Isomichi Results Reuse
theorem
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
A is 1st_class iff LAp UAp A c= UAp LAp A;
theorem FirstApprox:
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
A is 1st_class iff UAp A c= LAp A
proof
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
A2: LAp UAp A = UAp UAp A by ROUGHS_1:36 .= UAp A;
UAp LAp A = LAp LAp A by ROUGHS_1:34 .= LAp A;
hence thesis by A2;
end;
theorem FirstIsExact:
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
A is 1st_class iff A is exact
proof
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
thus A is 1st_class implies A is exact
proof
assume A is 1st_class; then
LAp A = UAp A by ROUGHS_1:14,FirstApprox; then
LAp A = A by ROUGHS_1:13,12;
hence thesis;
end;
assume A is exact;
hence thesis by ROUGHS_1:16;
end;
registration
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr;
cluster 1st_class -> exact for Subset of T;
coherence by FirstIsExact;
cluster exact -> 1st_class for Subset of T;
coherence by FirstIsExact;
end;
theorem SecondClass:
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
A is 2nd_class iff LAp A c< UAp A
proof
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
a2: LAp UAp A = UAp UAp A by ROUGHS_1:36 .= UAp A;
UAp LAp A = LAp LAp A by ROUGHS_1:34 .= LAp A;
hence thesis by a2;
end;
theorem SecondRough:
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
A is 2nd_class iff A is rough
proof
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
thus A is 2nd_class implies A is rough;
assume
C1: A is rough;
LAp A <> UAp A
proof
assume LAp A = UAp A; then
LAp A = A by ROUGHS_1:13,12;
hence thesis by C1;
end; then
LAp A c< UAp A by ROUGHS_1:14;
hence thesis by SecondClass;
end;
registration
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr;
cluster 2nd_class -> rough for Subset of T;
coherence;
cluster rough -> 2nd_class for Subset of T;
coherence by SecondRough;
end;
theorem
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
Cl Int A, Cl A are_c=-comparable by ROUGHS_1:25,12;
theorem ApproxWithout:
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
not A is 3rd_class
proof
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
A1: A is 3rd_class iff Cl Int A, Int Cl A are_c=-incomparable;
LAp UAp A = UAp UAp A by ROUGHS_1:36 .= UAp A;
hence thesis by ROUGHS_1:25,12,A1;
end;
notation let T be TopSpace;
antonym T is without_3rd_class_subsets for
T is with_3rd_class_subsets;
end;
registration
cluster -> without_3rd_class_subsets for
with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr;
coherence by ApproxWithout;
cluster without_3rd_class_subsets for TopSpace;
existence
proof
take T = the with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr;
thus thesis;
end;
end;
registration
let T be TopSpace,
A be 1st_class Subset of T;
cluster Border A -> empty;
coherence by ISOMICHI:37;
end;
registration
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
cluster Cl A -> open;
coherence
proof
LAp UAp A = UAp UAp A by ROUGHS_1:36 .= UAp A;
hence thesis;
end;
cluster Int A -> closed;
coherence
proof
UAp LAp A = LAp LAp A by ROUGHS_1:34 .= LAp A;
hence thesis;
end;
end;
registration
cluster -> extremally_disconnected for
with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr;
coherence;
end;
begin :: Reexamination of Kuratowski 14 Sets for Approximation Spaces
::$N Kuratowski's closure-complement problem
theorem Seven1:
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
Kurat7Set A = { A, Cl A, Int A }
proof
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
A1: Cl Int Cl A = Cl A by ROUGHS_1:30;
Kurat7Set A = { A } \/ { Int A, Int Cl A, Int Cl Int A } \/ { Cl A, Cl
Int A, Cl Int Cl A } by KURATO_1:8
.= { A } \/ { Int A, Int Cl A, Int A } \/ { Cl A, Cl
Int A, Cl Int Cl A } by ROUGHS_1:31
.= { A } \/ { Int A, Int A, Int Cl A } \/
{ Cl A, Cl Int A, Cl A } by ENUMSET1:57,A1
.= { A } \/ { Int A, Int Cl A } \/
{ Cl A, Cl Int A, Cl A } by ENUMSET1:30
.= { A } \/ { Int A, Int Cl A } \/
{ Cl A, Cl A, Cl Int A } by ENUMSET1:57
.= { A } \/ { Int A, Int Cl A } \/ { Cl A, Cl Int A } by ENUMSET1:30
.= { A } \/ { Int A, Cl Cl A } \/ { Cl A, Cl Int A } by ROUGHS_1:36
.= { A } \/ { Int A, Cl A } \/ { Cl A, Int Int A } by ROUGHS_1:34
.= { A } \/ ({ Cl A, Int A } \/ { Cl A, Int A }) by XBOOLE_1:4
.= { A, Cl A, Int A } by ENUMSET1:2;
hence thesis;
end;
theorem
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
card Kurat7Set A <= 3
proof
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
Kurat7Set A = { A, Cl A, Int A } by Seven1;
hence thesis by CARD_2:51;
end;
theorem Fourteen:
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
Kurat14Set A = { A, UAp A, (UAp A)`, A`, (LAp A)`, LAp A }
proof
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
Z1: now let A be Subset of T;
A-`-` = (LAp (A-))`` by ROUGHS_1:29; then
A-`-` = UAp UAp A by ROUGHS_1:36
.= UAp A;
hence Kurat14Part A = { A, A-, A-`, A-`} \/ { A-, A-, A-` }
by ENUMSET1:19
.= { A, A-, A-`, A-`} \/ { A-, A-` } by ENUMSET1:30
.= { A, A- } \/ { A-`, A-`} \/ { A-, A-` } by ENUMSET1:5
.= { A, A- } \/ { A-` } \/ { A-, A-` } by ENUMSET1:29
.= { A, A- } \/ ({ A-` } \/ { A-, A-` }) by XBOOLE_1:4
.= { A, A- } \/ { A-`, A-, A-` } by ENUMSET1:2
.= { A, A- } \/ { A-, A-`, A-` } by ENUMSET1:58
.= { A, A- } \/ ({ A- } \/ { A-`, A-` }) by ENUMSET1:2
.= { A, A- } \/ ({ A- } \/ { A-` }) by ENUMSET1:29
.= { A, A- } \/ { A- } \/ { A-` } by XBOOLE_1:4
.= { A, A-, A- } \/ { A-` } by ENUMSET1:3
.= { A-, A-, A } \/ { A-` } by ENUMSET1:59
.= { A, A- } \/ { A-` } by ENUMSET1:30
.= { A, A-, A-` } by ENUMSET1:3;
end; then
Z2: Kurat14Part A` = { A`, A`-, A`-` };
z3: Kurat14Part A = { A, A-, A-` } by Z1;
A`-` = (LAp A)`` by ROUGHS_1:29;
hence thesis by ENUMSET1:13,z3,Z2;
end;
theorem
for T being with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A being Subset of T holds
card Kurat14Set A <= 6
proof
let T be with_equivalence naturally_generated non empty TopRelStr,
A be Subset of T;
Kurat14Set A = { A, UAp A, (UAp A)`, A`, (LAp A)`, LAp A }
by Fourteen;
hence thesis by CARD_2:54;
end;